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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Great Plains

grassland extending through the west-central portion of the United States

Treaty of Fort Laramie

government would close the Bozeman Trail and in return the Sioux would live on reservations along the Missouri River

Sitting Bull

only Sioux chief who wouldn't sign treaties with the whites, one of the leaders at the Battle of Little Bighorn

Battle of Little Big Horn

battle between natives and 7th Calvary, also called Custer's Last Stand

George Armstrong Custer

leader of the 7th Calvary


Natives were to give up beliefs and way of life and adopt white culture

Dawes Act

divided reservations into private family plots

Wounded Knee

200 Sioux were killed here after their surrender


sturdy, short tempered breed of cattle accustomed to dry grasslands

Chisholm Trail

major cattle route from San Antonio, Texas through Oklahoma to Kansas

long drive

moving cattle from ranges to cow towns

William Cody

started Wild West shows, also called Buffalo Bill

Homestead Act

Land act that allowed settlers to buy 160 acres for ten dollars, but had to meet requirements


migrated western lands to escape the violence in the South


a sod home made of blocks of prairie grass, warm in the winter and cool in the summer

Morill Land Grant Act

distributed millions of acres of land to states to sell and use money to establish land grant colleges

Bonanza farms

large corporate farms

Oliver Hudson Kelly

founder of the Patrons of Husbandry

The Grange

farmers organization which formed Coops

Farmer's Alliances

organizations that sympathized with the farmers


a movement formed to hear people's voice, mostly farmers and laborers


currency standard using gold and silver to back paper currency

gold standard

backing paper currency with gold

William McKinley

Republican presidential candidate in 1896, firm commitment to the gold standard

William Jennings Bryan

Democratic candidate for presidency in 1896, firm commitment to free soil