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45 Cards in this Set

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Alliteration
repeating consonant sounds in nearby words
Alliteration

repeating consonant sounds in nearby words

i.e. Sarah Cynthia Sylvia Stout (the “s” sound)

Alliteration

Assonance

repeating vowel sounds in nearby words

i.e. Men sell the wedding bells (the vowel “e” sound)

Assonance

Rhythm

a musical quality produced by the repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables

Think Sarah Cynthia Sylvia Stout (DA da DA da DA da DA/ DA da DA da DA da DA)

Rhythm

Stanza

a group of lines that form a unit in a poem (similar to a paragraph in an essay)

Onomatopoeia

the use of words that sound like what they mean

i.e. crash, boom, bang, zoom

Onomatopoeia

Imagery

language that appeals to any of the five senses, most often sight, but also hearing, touch, taste, and smell

Metaphor

a comparison of two unlike things without using like or as

i.e. The sleeping cat is a cushion.

Metaphor

Simile

a comparison of two unlike things using like or as

i.e. The sleeping cat is like a cushion.

Simile

Tone

the writer’s attitude or the way a writer feels about a subject

End rhyme

rhymes at the ends of lines

Internal rhyme

rhymes in the middle of lines

Rhyme scheme

pattern of rhymes (abacbc)

Exact Rhyme

May and day, stone and alone, me and sea (words that rhyme perfectly)

Slant Rhyme

rhymes that are slightly off

i.e. Milly and Molly

Slant Rhyme

Inference

to reach a conclusion based on evidence that may not be explicitly stated (interpret)

Personification

when writers give human or living qualities to non-human or non-living things (think of the word person)

Euphemism

a polite, indirect expression that replaces harsh expresses

i.e. “he passed away” for “he died”; “you’re looking a little thin on top” for “you’re bald”; he was “let go” for “he was fired”

Eupthemism

Paradox

a statement that contradicts itself

i.e. animals are equal but some are more equal than others; Someone saying they always lie.--Are they lying or telling the truth? If they’re telling the truth, then they aren’t always lying.

Paradox

Pun

humorous play on words

i.e. locker without a lock is an unlocker; the daughter carrot says to the mother carrot ‘Why are people so cruel? I feel like they don’t carrot all.”

Pun

Irony

using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect

i.e. a tow truck getting towed; is your phone broken? Give us a call!

Irony

Hyperbole

an exaggerated statement not meant to be taken literally

i.e. this bags weighs a ton; she’s wearing enough makeup to be in a circus; she was in there forever; I’m so hungry I could eat a horse; I could sleep for a thousand years

Hyperbole

Colloquialism

a word or phrase that is not formal (slang that is typically unique to a specific region)

i.e. barbecue meaning picnic, rather than the sandwich, which is a "sloppy joe"

Colloquialism

Understatement

a presentation of something as being smaller, worse, or less important than it really is

i.e. you win ten million dollars in a lottery and you respond by saying that “you’re delighted”

understatement

Oxymoron

figure of speech in which opposite terms appear together

i.e. we were both alone together; jumbo shrimp; crash landing; pretty ugly; dark light

Oxymoron

Idiom

an expression that has figurative meaning, rather than a literal meaning

i.e. “Out of the blue” means something happens that was unexpected

Idiom

“Jump the gun” - would mean to be doing something early

Idiom

“Rub someone the wrong way” - meaning to annoy or bother

Idiom

“Sick as a dog” - means you are very ill

Idiom