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32 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Alfonso I
King of Napels, patronized Lorenzo Valla a humanist, kings in continual conflict with Papacy, Valla proved the Donation of Constantine a forgery in favor of Alfonso I, from Aragon, secured Napels in 1443
architect, dome atop cathedral in Florence, combine new and old ideas, challenged Gothic architecture and combined it with classical structures, geometry (planes & spheres), perspective
"On the Family"--proper family lifestyles in urban setting, humanist
Leonardo da Vinci
universal man, futuristic tanks, Last Supper, Mona Lisa, painter, scientist, perspective, geometry
secular studies of classical texts in Italy, not anti-religious, Grammar, rhetoric, moral philosophy, history, Cicero influential classical writer
"father of humanism", elevated Cicero, divided middle ages, renaissance, and classical world
Lorenzo Bruni
studied and translated Plato and Aristotle, founded Florentine Platonic Academy
Francesco Sforza
military aristocratic gov't leader of Milan, overthrew Visconti
leader of Venice, gov't, served for life
Lorenzo de' Medici
patron of the arts, especially Michaelangelo, Medici family bankers and doges of Venice, let banking slip to amazing diplomatic strategies, Renaissance man
Ottoman Empire
overthrew Byzantine empire, scared Italy into city-state wars, bordered Europe closest to Venice
Florence monopoly system, need membership, social status determined by membership in this (top=merchants & bankers, mid=skilled craftsmen, low=everyone else)
equestrian monumental statue, both classical and modern ideas, sculptor, "Judith Slaying Holofernes"
Piero della Francesca
(1420-1492), painter, "The Resurrection", geomery, visual unity, followed Masaccio's genius
Michelangelo Buonarotti
RENAISSANCE MAN, architect (dome of St. Peter's Cathedral in Rome), painter (ceiling of Sistine Chapel), sculptor (The Pieta and David), patronized by Lorenzo de' Medici, son of wealthy Florence family
Picco della Mirandola
"Oration on the Dignity of Man" (1486), Renaissance writing influenced by discovery of Plato's works, humans determine their own fate
Donation of Constantine
Pope's justification for not recognizing Alfonso I as king of Naples. Lorenzo Valla, a humanist, translated and studied this doctrine and proved it a forgery.
Humanist, author of The Courtier, an etiquette book for how a nobel should react in Renaissance society
scary, paid, army leaders
Cosimo de' Medici
leader of Florence, rich banking family, patron of arts
Peace of Lodi
1454 alliances grew from it, Florence/Milan v. Naples/Venice, italian wars
fall of Constantinople
1453, all classical texts and literature moves to Florence, Italy. Florence becomes the center of the Renaissance and humanist studies
"everything" in a Renaissance woman's life, an economical view on children in Renaissance
"Adam and Eve", painter, linear perspective, 3-dimensions
"Birth of Venus", painter, romanticism and emotion in paintings
Giorgia Vasari
studied Renaissance, "Lives of the Most Eminent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects" 1550, named 200 artists worthy of distinction
Lorenzo Valla
Humanist under Alfonso I, proved the Donation of Constantine a forgery. Pope wouldn't recognize Alfonso I as the king of Naples until D of C was invalid.
Charles VIII
king of France, allies with Milan to conquer most of Italy during Italian city-state wars
1513, wrote "The Prince", a guide to power for all princes in the Renaissance era. Machiavelli advises that the Prince should seem religious but it doesn't really matter, he should do everything possible to gain power without any regard to ethics
Great Council
men in public office in Venice, 2,500 men, only families with power, gov't system, like guilds
Mehmed II
prince of the Ottoman Empire, threatens Italy, Italy scared into wars
style of architecture in Renaissance, pointed arches, flying buttresses, stained glass windows, elaborate ornate interior, taller, more airy, lots of light, lavish sculpture, larger than life, began in 12th century France