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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What can a change in dog behavior mean?
1) Medical condition
2) Environmental change
(ex. moving, new pet, etc.)
3) Emotional disruption
(ex. vacation, losing pet/owner, etc.)
What are the CANINE developmental periods and how long do they last?
1) Neonatal (day 0 - 14)
2) Transitional (day 14 - 20)
3) Socialization (week 3 - [12-16])
4) Juvenile (week 16+)
What is the most important developmental period in canines and why?
(because most abnormal behavior can be traced back to this period)
What happens during the CANINE neonatal period?
- Nervous system development (puppies are born with an incomplete CNS)
- Sensory development (continues through transitional period)
- Puppies are vulnerable (no hearing/sight)
What happens during the CANINE transitional period?
- Period when puppies become more aware of their surroundings
- Ears and eyes open (2-4 weeks)
- Individual personalities become apparent
What happens during the CANINE socialization period?
- Most receptive to learning
- Social interaction
- Litter behavior
- Learn about humans (week 5-12)
- Best adapted at 6-8 weeks
When is the best time to housebreak a puppy?
8 weeks of age
(socialization period)
What happens during the CANINE juvenile period?
aka. puberty
- Distinct personalities
- Adolescent behavior
- Abnormal behaviors may begin to develop
What is the difference between personality and termperment?
- Personalities are developed
- Temperments are born
What happens if a puppy missed the socialization period?
More likely to develop behavior problems
- Isolation
- Abundant stimulation
- Strays (feral)
How do you prevent a puppy from developing preferences for elimination areas?
Prevent them access to that area because they can smell it even after you clean it and will try to go there again
What happens to canine trainability after 16+ weeks of age?
(specifically housebreaking)
Trainability decreases
- For every week after 16 weeks, it will take an additional 1-2 months to housebreak
How many times a day does the average puppy need to pee/poop?

How long after a meal does a puppy need to pee/poop?
6-7 times a day

20 minutes after a meal
What signs might indicate that a dog needs to pee?
- Restlessness
- Sniffing around the house
How long do you have to sucessfully punish a dog after it does something bad?
30-60 seconds
Tell me about food aggression...
- Dog acts aggressive around food/treats/toys
- Difficult to treat
- Make dog earn food by being good
Tell me about dominance aggression...
- Develops at beginning of juvenile period
- Threaten and challenge owners/animals (staring/barking/growling/biting)
- Dominance is a type of temperment
Tell me about separation anxiety...
- Dislike of solitude
- Manifests undesirable behavior (vocalization, urination, defecation, destruction, etc.)
- Common with puppies who were abandoned/isolated
- Very treatable
What are some attention behaviors and what is the best way to deal with them?
- Jumping on people
- Pulling on the leash
- Barking/pawing for attention

- Best way to deal with it: ignore them (don't push them away)
What are some play behaviors and what is the best way to deal with them?
- Rough play
- Toy aggression

- Never chase puppy for toys
- Teach soft play
Tell me about Tug-o-War...
Tug-o-War is a good game for teething but it's important not to let the puppy win because it might initiate toy aggression
Why should you never use a choke collar or a chain?
- Increase risk for ocular vessel injury
- Tracheal and esophageal damage
- Many dogs come to vet clinics that have been hung by choke collars
Describe cats vs. dogs (re: prey)...
Cats are solitary predators whereas dogs are pack hunters
Tell me about the FELINE developmental periods and how long they last...
1) Sensitive Socialization period (3-7 weeks)
[starts and ends earlier than dog]

2) Weaning period (6-9 weeks)
[become more independent and start to relate to environment]

3) Adult developmental period (>9 weeks)
When is the best time to adopt a cat to a new home and/or litterbox train?
Weaning period (6-9 weeks)
What is socialization?
The process during which kittens develop relationships with other living beings
- Interaction
- Routine
- Perception of environment
What is habituation?
(also: how does it occur, what happens if not done correctly?)
Process of getting comfortable with stimuli (sounds, smells, sights, events)
- Happens with continuous exposure to something
- If not done correctly, can lead to fear, anxiety, elimation behaviors, aggression, etc.
What is localization?
The process during which the kitten develops attachment to particular places
- Familiarity
- Positive events/beings
- Source of food
- Mates
What are the 4 forms of FELINE body language?
1) Happy and relaxed
2) Excited
3) Anxious or agitated
4) Aggressive
What are some signs of a happy cat?
- Ears: pointing forward and slightly outward
- Eyes: open or half closed (sleepy), with normal pupils
- Tail: Curved down, then up at the tip
What are some signs of an excited cat?
- Ears: standing straight up and pointing forward
- Eyes: wide open and sparkling
- Tail: standing straight up or raised slightly and curved
What are some signs of an agitated cat?
- Ears: twitching, pinned back
- Eyes: wide open with large (dilated) pupils
- Tail: held low (possibly between legs) or with tip shaking
What are some signs of an aggressive cat?
- Ears: pinned flat against head
- Eyes: pupils fully dilated (eyes look totally black)
- Back: arched with fur like a porcupine
- Tail: general MOVEMENT (maybe with fur puffed out)
Tell me about feral cats...
(what does it mean, what does it cause, what is the end result?)
- Undomesticated (no exposure to people)
- Cause cats to develop irreversible fears/behavior problems

- Kittens must be exposed to many things within first 2 months
- Cats that are not exposed during the socialization period become almost impossible to handle as adults
Tell me about feline social structure...
- Female-dominated society
- Males leave the group at maturity and return only to breed (unless neutered)
What is the most common behavioral problem in cats?
Elimination behaviors
Tell me about elimination behaviors...
Cats eliminate outside of litterbox due to spite:
- Marking territory
- More than one cat in house
- Dirty litterbox
- Area that box is located in is too noisy
Why do cats scratch?
(also: what else is this called?)
Conditions claws by removing old layers of nail and sharpening new nail beds
(aka. "knitting")
How can you discourage inappropriate scratching behavior?
- Provide a scratching post
- Cover furniture
- Block off off-limits rooms
- Last resort: declaw (horrible!!!)
Tell me about petting aggression...
Cat is seemingly happy while owner is petting them and then suddenly bites owner and runs away
- aka. cat has had enough/irritated by repetitive action