Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/30

Click to flip

30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Adverse effect

Undesirable and potentially harmful drug effect.

Agonist

Drug that binds to a receptor and activates a physiologic response or drug action.

Antagonist

Drug that binds to a receptor and interferes with other drugs or substances from producing a drug effect.

Chemical name

Name that defines the chemical composition of a drug.

Contraindications

Situations or conditions when a certain drug should not be administered.

Controlled substance

Drug that has the potential for abuse and thus is regulated by law.

Dose

A measurement of the amount of drug that is administered.

Drug

Chemical substance that produces a change in body function.

Drug indications

Intended or indicated uses for any drug.

ED50

Effective dose 50,or dose that will produce an effect that is half of the maximal response.

Generic name

Nonproprietary name of a drug.

LD50

Lethal dose 50,or dose that will kill 50% of the lab animals tested.

Mechanism of action

Explanation of how a drug produces its effects.

Over-the-counter (OTC) drug

Drug that can be purchased without the services of a physician.

Pharmacology

Study of drugs.

Potency

Measure of strength, or concentration, of a drug required to produce a specific effect.

Prescription drug

Drug for which dispensing requires a written or phone order that can only be issued by or under direction of a licensed physician.

Receptor

Specific cellular structure that a drug binds to and that produces a physiologic effect.

Side effect

Drug effect other than the therapeutic effect that is usually undesirable but not harmful.

Site of action

Location within the body where a drug exerts its therapeutic effect, often a specific drug receptor

Therapeutic effect

Desired drug effect to alleviate some condition or symptom of disease.

Therapeutic index (TI)

Ratio of the LD50 to the ED50 in animal studies.

Toxic effect

Undesirable drug effect that implies drug poisoning; can be very harmful or life-threatening.

Trade name

Patented proprietary mane of a drug sold by a specific drug manufacturer; also referred to as the brand name

Pharmacodynamics

Study of the action of drugs on living tissue.

Pharmacokinetics

Study of the processes of drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion.

Pharmacotherapeutics

Study of the use of drugs in treating disease.

Pharmacy

Science of preparing and dispensing medicines.

Posology

Study of the amount of drug that is required to produce therapeutic effects.

Toxicology

Study of the harmful effects of drugs on living tissue.