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39 Cards in this Set

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Aims of Hitler's Foreign Policy

Abolish Treaty of Versailles



German Expansion - Lebensraum




Defeat Communism



Date: Anglo-German Naval Agreement

June 1935

Date: Stresa Front

April 1935

Date: Failed Anschluss with Austria

July 1934

Year: Saarland given back to Germany

1935

Who was the Stresa Front signed by?

Britain, France, Italy

What did the Anglo German Naval Pact agree?

Germany could have 1/3 the tonnage of Britain's surface fleet units navy




Germany could have an equal tonnage of submarines as part of its navy

What percentage of the population of the Saarland voted to become part of Germany again?

98%

Year: Hitler leaves the League

1933

Year: Hitler begins rearming (secretly)

1933

Date: Remilitarisation of the Rhineland

March 1936

Hitler's aim in remilitarising the Rhineland

Secure French border to allow greater assertion in the East

When did Hitler plan to remilitarise the Rhineland?

1937

Why did Hitler remilitarise the Rhineland earlier?

Italy had invaded Abyssinia, so the other powers were involved there




Hitler needed to divert attention from the economic problems caused by rearmament

How much force was sent into the Rhineland?

14,000 lightly armed troops


22,000 local police officers




Only 3,000 went as far as the border near France (showing Hitler's reluctance)

Hitler's justification for remilitarising the Rhineland

Rhineland was his own territory




1935, French made alliance with USSR to protect each other from attack from Germany - Hitler said this put Germany under threat

Date: Hitler's bombing of Guernica

April 1937

What was the aim of the Anti-Comintern Pact (Axis Alliance)?

Reduce Communist influence around the world - particularly aimed at USSR

Who signed the Anti-Comintern Pact?

Germany and Japan - 1936


Italy - 1937

Date: Anschluss with Austria

March 1938

Timeline of Anschluss

12th Feb 1938


Hitler makes demands to Schuschnigg




11th March 1938


Schuschnigg made it clear that he would hold a plebiscite about whether Austria should be independent.


Hitler threatened to bomb Vienna, turning it into the "Spain of Austria" if he did not resign, and cancel the plebiscite.




12th March 1938


German troops entered Austria, and faced massive support


Austria was absorbed into Germany - the old Austria was called "Ostmark"




10th April 1938


Hitler eventually held plebiscite among Austrians





What percentage of the Austrian population supported the Anschluss according to the plebiscite?

99.75%

What did Hitler gain from the Anschluss?

An army of 100,000




Iron ore, hydro-electric power, cattle




Czechoslovakia was almost surrounded by Germany



Date: Sudetenland Crisis

September 1938

Hitler's interest in Czechoslovakia

Wanted Lebensraum in east - Czech stood in way




Wanted a war - test weapons and army against 'worthy opponent'




Had a modern army (about half a million men)




Had good industry. Especially Skoda Arms factory




Many Germans lived in Sudetenland




The country was a product of ToV

How many Germans lived in Czechslovakia?

3.2 million. Mainly in Sudetenland

Timeline Sudeteland Crisis

May 1938


Hitler made it clear he was prepared to fight Czechoslovakia - probably boasting, army not ready for war




September 12th 1938


Hitler spoke of persecution of Germans in Czechoslovakia at the Nuremberg Rallies. Said he was prepared to use force




September 15th 1938


Chamberlain flew to Berchtesgaden


Hitler moderated demands - only wanted parts of Sudetenland with more than 50% of Germans




September 19th 1938


Chamberlain and Deladier put their plans to Czechs




September 22nd 1938


Chamberlain flew to Bad Godesberg to finalise his plans with Hitler


He increased demands - wanted all of Sudetenland


Planned to rescue them by 1st October




September 29th 1938


Britain, France, Italy, Germany - met at Munich


Announced Czechoslovakia was to lose the Sudetenland


Czechoslovakia was not consulted, and neither was USSR (Czechoslovakia's ally)


This was the Munich Agreement




September 30th 1938


Hitler and Chamberlain publish joint declaration which noted the determination of both nations to not go to war with each other


Chamberlain said it'd bring "peace for our time"




October 1st 1938


German troops move into Sudetenland

Where did Hitler and Chamberlain meet when the Sudetenland was given away?(3)

Berchtesgaden - September 15th 1938


Bad Godesberg - September 22nd 1938


Munich - September 29th 1938

Date: Edvard Benes pressured to resign by Germans

5th October 1938

Date: Emil Hacha becomes president

30th November 1938

Destruction of Czechoslovakia Events

Emil Hacha bullied into giving country over to Germany


15th March 1939 - German troops take over

Date: end of Appeasement

17th March 1939 - Chamberlain makes a speech

What was the Polish Guarantee?

A commitment made by Britain and France to support them in case of invasion

Date: Polish Guarantee

31st March 1939

Rejected Alliance with Poland

October 1938


Poland rejected seeing consequences with Czechoslovakia




After they rejected, he cancelled:


non-aggression pact (1934)


Anglo-German Naval Agreement

Date: Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact

August 1939

Date of invasion of Poland

1st September 1939 (Germans)


17th September 1939 (Russians)

Date: Declaration of war on Germany by Allies

3rd September 1939

Who was responsible for the War?(4)

Appeasement




Hitler (he planned the war)




War by mistake (Hitler ended up fighting wrong war)




Treaty of Versailles - unjust Treaty. By righting the wrongs, he was allowed to get too strong, and confident.