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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Aims of Hitler's Foreign Policy

Abolish Treaty of Versailles

German Expansion - Lebensraum

Defeat Communism

Date: Anglo-German Naval Agreement

June 1935

Date: Stresa Front

April 1935

Date: Failed Anschluss with Austria

July 1934

Year: Saarland given back to Germany


Who was the Stresa Front signed by?

Britain, France, Italy

What did the Anglo German Naval Pact agree?

Germany could have 1/3 the tonnage of Britain's surface fleet units navy

Germany could have an equal tonnage of submarines as part of its navy

What percentage of the population of the Saarland voted to become part of Germany again?


Year: Hitler leaves the League


Year: Hitler begins rearming (secretly)


Date: Remilitarisation of the Rhineland

March 1936

Hitler's aim in remilitarising the Rhineland

Secure French border to allow greater assertion in the East

When did Hitler plan to remilitarise the Rhineland?


Why did Hitler remilitarise the Rhineland earlier?

Italy had invaded Abyssinia, so the other powers were involved there

Hitler needed to divert attention from the economic problems caused by rearmament

How much force was sent into the Rhineland?

14,000 lightly armed troops

22,000 local police officers

Only 3,000 went as far as the border near France (showing Hitler's reluctance)

Hitler's justification for remilitarising the Rhineland

Rhineland was his own territory

1935, French made alliance with USSR to protect each other from attack from Germany - Hitler said this put Germany under threat

Date: Hitler's bombing of Guernica

April 1937

What was the aim of the Anti-Comintern Pact (Axis Alliance)?

Reduce Communist influence around the world - particularly aimed at USSR

Who signed the Anti-Comintern Pact?

Germany and Japan - 1936

Italy - 1937

Date: Anschluss with Austria

March 1938

Timeline of Anschluss

12th Feb 1938

Hitler makes demands to Schuschnigg

11th March 1938

Schuschnigg made it clear that he would hold a plebiscite about whether Austria should be independent.

Hitler threatened to bomb Vienna, turning it into the "Spain of Austria" if he did not resign, and cancel the plebiscite.

12th March 1938

German troops entered Austria, and faced massive support

Austria was absorbed into Germany - the old Austria was called "Ostmark"

10th April 1938

Hitler eventually held plebiscite among Austrians

What percentage of the Austrian population supported the Anschluss according to the plebiscite?


What did Hitler gain from the Anschluss?

An army of 100,000

Iron ore, hydro-electric power, cattle

Czechoslovakia was almost surrounded by Germany

Date: Sudetenland Crisis

September 1938

Hitler's interest in Czechoslovakia

Wanted Lebensraum in east - Czech stood in way

Wanted a war - test weapons and army against 'worthy opponent'

Had a modern army (about half a million men)

Had good industry. Especially Skoda Arms factory

Many Germans lived in Sudetenland

The country was a product of ToV

How many Germans lived in Czechslovakia?

3.2 million. Mainly in Sudetenland

Timeline Sudeteland Crisis

May 1938

Hitler made it clear he was prepared to fight Czechoslovakia - probably boasting, army not ready for war

September 12th 1938

Hitler spoke of persecution of Germans in Czechoslovakia at the Nuremberg Rallies. Said he was prepared to use force

September 15th 1938

Chamberlain flew to Berchtesgaden

Hitler moderated demands - only wanted parts of Sudetenland with more than 50% of Germans

September 19th 1938

Chamberlain and Deladier put their plans to Czechs

September 22nd 1938

Chamberlain flew to Bad Godesberg to finalise his plans with Hitler

He increased demands - wanted all of Sudetenland

Planned to rescue them by 1st October

September 29th 1938

Britain, France, Italy, Germany - met at Munich

Announced Czechoslovakia was to lose the Sudetenland

Czechoslovakia was not consulted, and neither was USSR (Czechoslovakia's ally)

This was the Munich Agreement

September 30th 1938

Hitler and Chamberlain publish joint declaration which noted the determination of both nations to not go to war with each other

Chamberlain said it'd bring "peace for our time"

October 1st 1938

German troops move into Sudetenland

Where did Hitler and Chamberlain meet when the Sudetenland was given away?(3)

Berchtesgaden - September 15th 1938

Bad Godesberg - September 22nd 1938

Munich - September 29th 1938

Date: Edvard Benes pressured to resign by Germans

5th October 1938

Date: Emil Hacha becomes president

30th November 1938

Destruction of Czechoslovakia Events

Emil Hacha bullied into giving country over to Germany

15th March 1939 - German troops take over

Date: end of Appeasement

17th March 1939 - Chamberlain makes a speech

What was the Polish Guarantee?

A commitment made by Britain and France to support them in case of invasion

Date: Polish Guarantee

31st March 1939

Rejected Alliance with Poland

October 1938

Poland rejected seeing consequences with Czechoslovakia

After they rejected, he cancelled:

non-aggression pact (1934)

Anglo-German Naval Agreement

Date: Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact

August 1939

Date of invasion of Poland

1st September 1939 (Germans)

17th September 1939 (Russians)

Date: Declaration of war on Germany by Allies

3rd September 1939

Who was responsible for the War?(4)


Hitler (he planned the war)

War by mistake (Hitler ended up fighting wrong war)

Treaty of Versailles - unjust Treaty. By righting the wrongs, he was allowed to get too strong, and confident.