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25 Cards in this Set

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Year: Corfu incident


Year: Locarno Treaties


Year: Germany admitted into League


What were the Locarno Treaties?

Clarification of Europe's borders by Germany. An acceptance of the Treaty of Versailles.

Year: Kellogg-Briand Pact


What was the Kellogg-Briand Pact?

Agreement not to use force as a means of settling disputes

Date: Wall Street Crash

October 1929

Effect of Wall Street Crash on International Trade

Congress placed high tariffs on imports - attempt to protect American industry

Other countries retaliated by placing same high tariffs on American imports

World trade 'collapsed'

Reactions to Wall Street Crash

The high unemployment caused by the effects of the crash was met, by some countries, with:

aggressive nationalism - often meant these countries became intent on expansion

Years: Manchurian Crisis


Timeline of Crisis

1931 - Incident on Manchurian railway

February 1932 - Japanese puts up puppet government. Creation of Manchukuo

September 1932 - Lord Lytton presents report

February 1933 - Japan announces intentions on further invasion of China

February 24th 1933 - Majority vote in LoN for Japan to withdraw

March 27th 1933 - Japan leaves League

Following week, Japan invades Jehol (province next to Manchuria)

Discussed sanctions against Japan

Economic sanctions - USA was Japan's main trading partner

Banning arms sales to Japan - fear Japan would retaliate, causing another war. Britain still wanted to keep good relations with Japan

Military force - Britain and France didn't want to risk their navies against Japan

Date: Hitler proposes disarmament

May 1933

Date: Britain sends Germany note

September 1933

Date: Hitler leaves the Conference and the League

October 1933

Years: Abyssinian Crisis


Year: Mussolini came to power


Why did Mussolini want control of Abyssinia?(4)

1.Revive glory days of Roman Empire - so people didn't go 'soft'

2.Colonial expansion - driven by effects of Depression. Better economic conditions for Italians

3.Revenge for Adowa, 1896

4.Wanted fertile lands

Why did Mussolini believe he could get away with his invasion?

Britain and France had done the same to other countries before

He claimed he was civilising Abyssinia - slavery was being practised

Britain and France didn't want to attack Italy

Abyssinian Crisis Timeline

December 1934 - Wal-Wal Oasis dispute. 80km inside Abyssinia

October 1935 - Italian army invaded Abyssinia

May 1936 - Capital of Abyssinia fell

Sanctions imposed against Italy

Arms sales to Italy banned

Imports from Italy were banned

Sale of Rubber, tin, and all metals to Italy was banned

Sanctions not Imposed against Italy

Ban of oil sales to Italy - argued that USA would continue to sell oil to Italy, so it would needlessly hurt the economies of member countries

Suez Canal not closed - fear it would cause war. However, it could have ended Italy's campaign

Date: Hoare-Laval Pact

December 1935

Aim of Hoare-Laval Pact

Give 2/3 of Abyssinia to Italy if Mussolini stopped his invasion

Planned to present it to Mussolini before the League and Haile Selassie

Why did League Fail?(6)

Unfair Treaty - League's job was to enforce treaty many people felt was unfair

Key countries missing - USA and USSR missing. It was often argued that these countries were the only countries with enough force to deal with aggressors. Encouraged lazy attitude

Ineffective/lack of sanctions - again often argued only USA had power to make them work, so they weren't used

Self-interest - Most countries were unwilling to invest own resources, or sacrifice economy for sake of collective security

Lack of armed forces

Depression- meant countries weren't willing to afford economic or military sanctions. Caused some countries to disobey the League.