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16 Cards in this Set

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Henry Hudson?

a british explorer who searched the northwest passage. in 1610 he ventured a straight that was later known as the Hudson Bay, named in his honour.

Jacques Cartier

A french explorer who completed three voyages to north america in the 1500's. He developed relationships with aboriginals and was partly responsible for the development of a french colony in North America.

Samuel De Champlain

a french cartographer and geographer who helped establish a french colony in port royal in the 1600's, he later established another colony and named it quebec. this held the french colonial power in North America.

Jesuits

christian missionaries who attempted to convert the aboriginals in New France in the 1600's. Some aboriginals converted, meanwhile some stayed true to their culture. this created conflicts. Some even fought back to the jesuits and tortured or killed them.

Radisson and Groseilliers

Two British explorers who were sent to explore a certain part of Canada in the 1600's.


-They discovered furs near the Hudson's bay


-Created the Hudson's bay company with permission from the king


Pierre La Verendrye

a white french man who was sent west to the Winnipeg region in 1730. He was told it was good fur trading there, and he was the first european to come into the Winnipeg area.

Metis

Nation of both first nations and europeans. This happened because when Europeans came to north america during the fur trade they had children with the aboriginal women and they created a nation with both cultural influences

pontiac

-First nation war chief


-got first nations to fight back against the british gov. when he noticed they were suffering


-this proved to the British that the first nations were a threat and this prompt the Royal Proclamation of 1763



Tecumseh

-First nations leader who joined forces with the British forces in Canada.


Together, they led an attack against the americans during the war of 1812 in fear of them being attacked themselves, along with others they fought off the americans

William Lyon Mackenzie King

in upper Canada, he became the leader of the reform movement, and used his connections to the newspapers to expose the political, economic and social injustices of the gov. this helped progress to a democratic gov.

Louise Joseph Papineau

led reform movement in lower Canada, used his resources and connections to the newspaper to expose the irresponsible things the government was doing. He focused on increasing the economic and political rights of the people.

Robert baldwin

1841, he formed a coalition with Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine. Their two french parties agreed to work together in the government. By doing this, they wee able to pass bills and get the majority of votes because they were in favour of french values and wishes

Louis Hippolyte Lafontaine

Formed coalition with Robert Baldwin in the 1800's, together they won the french peoples votes and were able to pass more bills that supported french views, hence the french had more power over the government

Lord Durham

he was sent to Canada because the British sensed they were losing power so he was sent to stop the growing problem. He blamed the rebellions for the family compact in upper Canada, and suggested the gov. listen to the majority. Also suggested upper and lower Canada assimilate French Canadians into english culture. This prompted the Act of Union in 1841.

David Thompson

British explorer who was sent west during the fur trade. Skilled cartographer and accurately mapped a large part of western Canada

Sir Isaac Brock

War of 1812, led the british forces. he joined forces with the first nations leader and fought against america before they could attack them. Gained members and hope for the Canadians winning against the americans