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34 Cards in this Set

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Who came up with the idea of clinical observation?

Hippocrates

What was the Romans 'big idea'?

Public health

What were the Romans public health schemes?

Public toilets, public baths, sewers, clean water (aqueducts) , public fountains, free hospitals for soldiers

What happened between ad400 and ad500 to the Roman Empire???

It collapsed and war broke out between the countries that were part of it

Who develops anaesthetics? Which gas did they use? What year?

James Simpson, chloroform, 1847

Positive effects of anaesthetics in nineteenth and twentieth centuries?

Patients felt no pain, allowed doctors to do more complex operations as patients didn't die from shock of pain

Positive effects of anaesthetics in nineteenth and twentieth centuries?

Patients felt no pain, allowed doctors to do more complex operations as patients didn't die from shock of pain

Negative effects of the development of anaesthetics in surgery in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries??

Patients could die from too much chloroform!


Death rate went up as deeper operations meant deeper infections

Which period came after/crossed over with the prehistoric period??

Ancient Egypt/ greece

Which period came after/crossed over with the prehistoric period??

Ancient Egypt/ greece

Which period followed ancient Egypt?

The Roman Empire

What era followed the Roman Empire?

The Middle Ages

What era followed the Roman Empire?

The Middle Ages

What era followed the Middle Ages?

Te Renaissance- rebirth

What era follows the Renaissance?

19th and 20th centuries

In ancient Egypt what was embalming?

Preserving the body for burial

In ancient Egypt what was embalming?

Preserving the body for burial

What is purging?

Vomiting or emptying the bowels

What did the Egyptians do to keep clean?

They used baths ( especially when worshipping) , they used toilets, they slept under mosquito nets

List ancient Egypts key developments...

Farming, religion, writing, tools, doctors , cities, trade

In ancient Egypt: what were specialist doctors??

They were a cross between priests and doctors but became quite specialised in treating particular parts of the body

Who was Imhotep?

The Pharos doctor

Did the Egyptians believe in natural or supernatural treatments?

BOTH!

Name 2 Egyptian treatments...

Natural treatments from herbs, plants, minerals and animal parts ( honey as antiseptic)



Spells charms and prayers were used

Who was Asclepius?

The Greek god of medicine

What were the 4 humours?

Blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile

What was the Greeks big idea? How long did this idea affect medicine for?

The four humours...1500 years!

What was allowed in the Alexandria that wasn't allowed anywhere else in the Greek empire?

Dissection

Name a similarity between Greek and Roman medicine...

They both...


-used four humours


-used clinical observation


-believed in gods


-herbal home remedies by women

Name a similarity between Greek and Roman medicine...

They both...


-used four humours


-used clinical observation


-believed in gods


-herbal home remedies by women

Greek and roman medicine...what were the differences?

Romans believed in bad air (smells) causing disease



Romans didn't like doctors, they believed in and preferred prevention rather than cure which lead to public health

How did having the big army lead to improvements in health?

It meant they had army surgeons who treated injured soldiers and focused on keeping them healthy

How did having the big army lead to improvements in health?

It meant they had army surgeons who treated injured soldiers and focused on keeping them healthy

Why did conditions and diseases spread quickly in roman times?

People loved cramped together in big cities