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4 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Leprosy

- and illustration of a punishment for sin


- starts as a painful skin disease , followed by paralysis and eventually death


- no treatment so leper’s were banished as the breath was thought to be contagious even though it could only spread from very close contact


- if leper’s were permitted to stay at home they had to wear cloaks and ring a bell to announce their presence


- they were forbidden from going down narrow alleys

Astrology

- the alignment of the planets and stars was considered very important when diagnosing illness


- a physician would consult star charts , looking at when the patient was born and when they fell ill to identify what was wrong


- the church frowned upon the idea of astrology as it seemed only one step away from predicting the future


- when the black death arrived the church became more acceptant of it as many believed the black death was caused by the bad alignment of the planets


- astrology was a supernatural explanation for disease

Theory of the Four Humours

- this theory stated that as the universe was made up of four basic elements , the body must be made up of four humours which were created by digesting different foods


- the four humours were:


• blood


• phlegm - the watery substance coughed up or sneezed out of the nose , or expelled in tears


• black bile - not one particular substance in the body , but probably referred to clotted blood , visible in excrement or vomit


• choler/yellow bile - this appears in pus or vomit


- there was a belief that all the humours must be balanced and equal and if the mix became unbalanced , you became ill


- this theory was developed by Hippocrates

Theory of Opposites

- theory by Hippocrates of the four humours developed further by Galen into the theory of opposites


- includes the idea of balancing the humours using the theory


- he suggested that too much phlegm , which was linked to water and cold , could be cured by eating hot peppers


- or a fever/excess of blood , could be cooled down with a cucumber , which would cool the patient down when eaten


- Galen also theorised that the circulatory system circulated blood generated in the liver , and the blood was then distributed around the body