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55 Cards in this Set

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13th amendment

abolished slavery and involuntary servitude

14th amendment

citizenship rights and equal protection under the law

15th amendment

prohibits the government from denying the rights to vote

plessy v ferguson

court case that upheld the "separate but equal clause

Platt Amendment

stipulated the conditions for U.S. intervention in Cuban affairs and permitted the United States to lease or buy lands for the purpose of the establishing naval bases (the main one was Guantánamo Bay) and coaling stations in Cuba

Kent State

national guard troops open firing on kent state u students for their peaceful demonstrations

Containment

The US military strategy that was designed to keep the communist spread at bay

Bay of Pigs

an absolute failure of military take over attempt


CIA led attack attempted to over take the communist government of Fidel Castro, failing after three day s

CMC

a 13 day stand off in response to the BOP, where the SU placed nuclear missiles in Cuba.

Zimmerman Telegram

The Zimmermann Telegram (or Zimmermann Note) was a 1917 diplomatic proposal from the German Empire offering a military alliance with Mexico, in the event of the United States entering World War I against Germany

19th Amendment

prevents any US citizen from being denied the right to vote on basis of sex

An act to provide for the general welfare by establishing a system of Federal old-age benefits, and by enabling the several States to make more adequate provision for aged persons, blind persons, dependent and crippled children, maternal and child welfare, public health, and the administration of their unemployment compensation laws

Diem

first president of south Vietnam; pushed to create a strong anti-communist government




this got strong US support



Diem

was a Vietnamese Communist revolutionary leader who was prime minister (1945–55) and president (1945–69) of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam). He was a key figure in the foundation of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945, as well as the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and the Việt Cộng (NLF or VC) during the Vietnam War.

Civil Rights Act of '64

outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.[6] It ended unequal application of voter registration requirements and racial segregation in schools, at the workplace and by facilities that served the general public

Manhattan Project

research and development project that produced the first atomic bombs during World War II

Anti-imperialists

opposition of the acquisition of the Philippines, which happened anyway.The anti-imperialists opposed the expansion because they believed imperialism violated the credo of republicanism, especially the need for "consent of the governed.

tet offensive

as one of the largest military campaigns of the Vietnam War, launched on January 30, 1968 by forces of the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese People's Army of Vietnam against the forces of South Vietnam, the United States, and their allies.

imperialism

the aspects of the US influencing other countries




this influence often goes hand in hand with expansion into foreign territories

Yalta

meeting of US, UK, and SU to discuss the reorganization of post war Europe

William Jennings Bryant

populist wing of democratic party

Japanese Internment

US putting all people of Japanese decent in camps during WWII to keep them from doing anti american things

laissez faire

society in which all private transactions are free from any and all government interference

open door

desire of US business to involve themselves with the Chinese government

Lend Lease Act

gave Britain weapons during time of war without cash but with the promise to repay the US when the war ended

documentation

A.L. 2nd inaugural

National Security Act

united military branches under a single secretary of defense and created NS council to advise president

disenfranchisement

attempts to take away the rights of black voters that had been granted by 15th

methods of disenfran.

violence- whites sometimes murdered black


fraud


poll taxes


literacy tests



Marshall Plan

American initiative to aid Europe, in which the United States gave $13 billion (approximately $120 billion in current dollar value) in economic support to help rebuild European economies after the end of World War II

Reconstruction

has two senses: the first covers the complete history of the entire country from 1865 to 1877 following the Civil War; the second sense focuses on the transformation of the Southern United States from 1863 to 1877, as directed by Congress, with the reconstruction of state and society

New Deal

programs to get the nation back on their feet. RELIEF, RECOVERY AND REFORM are the main three


response to great depression




things like Wagner Act came of it




Social Security

Gettysburg Address

was delivered by Lincoln during the American Civil War, on the afternoon of Thursday, November 19, 1863, at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, four and a half months after the Union armies defeated those of the Confederacy at the Battle of Gettysburg.




restated the principles of the Dec of Indp.


called for equality

Korean War

war against north Korean essentially




Us fought with UK with South



Booker T.

served as an black author and activist




advised many presidents

Dubois

black activist who wanted equal rights





Ida B wells

popular early anti activist and anti lynching



southern christian leadership conference

early voice in civil rights




first president was King




co-ordinate protests against civil seg. and disen.



SNCC

confronted oppressors and stood up for rights




followed Kings principles and did not attack if attacked

24th amendment

made it so the poll tax did not have an effect on whether or not a citizen could vote



military-industrial complex

term President Eisenhower used to refer to the military establishment and defense contractors who, he warned, exercised undue influence in city, state, and federal government.

sharecropping

is a system of agriculture in which a landowner allows a tenant to use the land in return for a share of the crops produced on the land.

The Pentagon Papers

history of US involvement in Vietnam


shows they straight up lied to the American People

Teller Amendment

placed a condition on the United States military's presence in Cuba. According to the clause, the U.S. could not annex Cuba but only leave "control of the island to its people." In short, the U.S. would help Cuba gain independence and then withdraw all its troops from the country.

Spanish-American War

a conflict between US and Spain after US tried to involve themselves with the Cuban fight for independence

Civil Rights of 1866

was the first federal law to say that all citizens had equal protection under the law

China 1949

communist Revolution, when the communist power actually took over China making it the second largest communist nation

War Powers Act 73

intended to check the presidents power to send the US into an armed conflict without consent of congress

new immigrants

people who came to the US to seek out as many opportunities as they could

Geneva Accords

recognized Vietnam’s independence and temporarily partitioned it at the seventeenth parallel, separating the Vietminh in the north from the puppet government established by the French in the south.

Voting Rights Act 65

tried to overcome state and local laws that prevented african americans use of their 15th amendment rights

American Exceptionalism

is a belief that the United States is unique or exceptional when compared with the historical development of other countries

Baby Boom

between 45 an 60, extreme growth in birth

Tonkin Gulf Reso

authorizing President Johnson to take any measures he believed were necessary to retaliate and to promote the maintenance of international peace and security in southeast Asia.