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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back


A constitution is a rule book for a County's government. This usually includes the countries laws and what type of government.

Rule Of Law

All Laws are fair and enforced. Nobody is above the law.

Separation of Power

Dividing Power amongst different branches of the government.

Consent of the Governed

You have the right to vote to change the laws, constitution, and the president.

Rights of the Minority

Protecting the rights of the small or unpopular groups despite what the majority thinks.

Order and Security

Citizens should feel safe doing daily activities.

Police have procedures to deal with crime.

Criminals face consequences.


Citizens see the law as worthy of following.

Citizens have input in the law-making process.

Citizens respect the law and see the law as fair.

Checks and Balances

Power is divided amongst the branches of government.

All branches function effectively.

The Judicial system is independent from other branches.

Elected officials must answer to people.

Equal Application of the Law

Nobody is above the law, not even elected officials.

The Judicial system treats everybody as the same.

Procedural Fairness

The government has rules for legal proceedings. The government follows those rules. The rules for legal proceeding fair.

Access to Justice

Citizens have a way to enforce their rights.

Citizens have the knowledge they need to get justice.

The Judicial system is available for people to use.

Direct Democracy

All citizens have a chance to participate. They write laws, submit them, vote on them – there is no difference between the people and the government.

Representative Democracy

In this government people elect leaders who then write and vote on the laws for their society. These leaders are responsible for making laws that the rest of the citizens want, and if they don’t serve the people, the citizens will not vote again for them.

Absolute Monarchy

Kings, queens, princes, princesses, sultans, Tsars (Czars), and other titles that refer to a leader whose family possesses the absolute (total) power in a nation.

Constitutional Monarchy

A form of national government in which the power of the monarch (the king or queen) is restrained by a parliament, by law, or by custom.


In this forms of government, power is not inherited, but usually taken by force. A dictator has absolute power and because his power is not guaranteed like a monarchy, dictators usually use more repression (limiting people’s freedoms and opinions) and need a strong military.


There might be a king, or elected officials, but the religious leaders always have the most power in a theocracy.


This form of government involves two or more people who control a nation usually by military force (called a military junta), rich/elite families (an aristocracy), or religious leaders (theocratic oligarchy).


There is no government.