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66 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Electoral College
This group officially elects the president of the United States
Two Party System
The United States has this type of party system
Ideological Parties
Political parties within multi party systems must form these to win Elections - this creates strength among the parties
One Party System
A single political party dominates a government
Watchdog
The party out of office acts as one of these. They ensure that the party in office is doing its job
Splinter Parties
Parties that break off from a major party
Federalists
First political party that favored the ratification of the US Constitution; Favored a strong federal government
Anti-Federalists
First political party that was against the ratification of the US Constitution; Favored a strong local government
Democratic Party
Political party that is socially liberal; Minorities, poor individuals and young people tend to favor this party
Republican Party
Political party that is socially conservative; Protestants, White males and Businessmen tend to favor this party
Radical
Those that fall to the extreme left of the political spectrum
Reactionary
Those that fall to the extreme right of the political spectrum
Universal Requirements To Vote
18 years old and a resident and citizen
Precinct
The smallest political division for the purpose of organizing voters
Voter Apathy
The lack of motivation to vote
Exit Poll
A survey taken as you leave the polling place
26th Amendment
The right to vote for those 18 years of age or older
23rd Amendment
Washington D.C. was given 3 electoral votes
24th Amendment
Eliminated poll taxes
15th Amendment
Declared the right to vote cannot be denied based on race
19th Amendment
Gave women the right to vote
Suffrage
The right to vote
Primary Election
This type of election is held in most states to determine each party's candidates for presidency
Closed Primary
A primary election in which only declared party members can vote
Open Primary
A primary election in which any registered voter can vote
Non-partism Election
An election in which candidates are not affiliated with a political party
PAC
These groups are organized to support particular candidates and give money to those candidates in hopes that legislation will be passed in their favor
Grassroots
Political parties begin at this level, from the community level
Platform
This is written at each party's National Convention and is a formal statement of the party's principles and objectives
Planks
Individual components of the platform
Plurality
Winning an election by more than half
Majority
Winning an election by the most votes
Gerrymandering
Drawing district lines to benefit one group or political party
Card Stacking
Propaganda technique in which only one side of an issue is presented
Glittering Generalities
Propaganda technique - Information sounds good but is meaningless
Symbols
Propaganda technique - American flag, Donkey, Elephant, etc.
Just Plain Folks
Propaganda technique - Appearing to be like the average person
Bandwagon
Propaganda technique - Urges people to follow the crowd
Name Calling
Propaganda technique - Attacks the opponent
Celebrity Testimonials
Propaganda technique - Uses the endorsement of someone well known
Propaganda
A technique of persuasion that is used to influence behavior
Interest Groups
Groups that share interests and hope to share public policy
Lobbyists
Interest groups send these people to speak to the legislators on their behalf
538
The total number of electoral votes
Representatives + Senators
This is how you find the number of electors each state has
270
The total number of electoral votes needed to become president
15
The total number of electoral votes North Carolina has
California
The state that has the most electoral votes
House of Representatives
Elects the president if there is no majority in the Electoral College
Senate
Elects the vice president if there is no majority in the Electoral College
A Privilege
Voting is this because citizens should vote
Electorate
Eligible voters
Soft Money
Money given to political parties that's unregulated by the government
NAACP
An interest group that focuses on the interests of African Americans
AARP
An interest group that focuses on the interests of the elderly
Referendum
The legislature sends issues to be voted on by the electorate
Initiative
The people begin a petition to have an issue placed on the ballot
Recall Election
The people hold an election to vote the governor out of office
Ballot Fatigue
The phenomenon in which fewer votes are cast for offices further down the ballot
Straight Ticket
When one votes for all the candidates in a particular party
Split Ticket
When one votes for candidates from different political parties
Libel
A falsely written statement that defames a person
Slander
A false verbal statement that defames a person
Incumbent
One who holds office prior to an election
Disenfranchise
To deny or limit someone's voting rights
Ideological Parties
Parties that exist and focus around a certain set of beliefs