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50 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Civics
The study of the rights and duties of citizens
Illegal Immigrants
Those residing in the United States without permission from the government
Citizen
A member of a state or nation who owes allegiance to it by birth or nationalization and is entitled to full citizenship rights
Duty
An action required by law
Responsibility
An action that citizens should take
C.I.S.
The agency responsible for the naturalization process
"E Pluribus Unum"
This phrase means "out of many, one" and is used to show that the United States is a nation of immigrants
Immigrant
A person that is legally admitted as a permanent resident of a country
Government
The ruling authority of a community, organization that has the power to make and enforce laws
John Locke
The English philosopher who developed the social contract theory
Social Contract Theory
The theory that humans agree with one another to create a government and give up some freedom to this government in order to promote safety
Federalism
The principle of one central government and several state or local governments
Democracy
A government in which the supreme authority rests with the people
Representative Democracy
A kind of democracy in which citizens choose a smaller group of people to represent them (The United States has this kind)
Direct Democracy
A kind of democracy in which citizens vote on each matter proposed to the government (The United States does not have this kind)
Triangle Trade
The trade route between the New World, Africa, and the West Indies
Middle Passage
The brutal passage taken by the slaves from Africa to the New World
Jamestown
The first permanent English settlement; settled because colonists were looking for gold or a profit
John Smith
The commanded and leader of the Jamestown colony
Indentured Servants
People who agreed to work for 5-7 years in exchange for their voyage to the New World
Virginia House of Burgesses
The first representative, legislative body in the New World
Separatists/Pilgrims
Settled in Plymouth and wrote the Mayflower Compact; wanted to break away from the Anglican Church
Puritans
Settled the Massachusetts Bay Colony; wanted to purify the Anglican Church from within
Mayflower Compact
This document was the first example of self government in the colonies
John Winthrop
This man was the leader of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
"City Upon a Hill"
John Winthrops comparison for what the Massachusetts Bay Colony would be like
Magna Carta
This document limited the King of England's power
Middle Colonies
Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, Delaware; the most diverse
Southern Colonies
Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland
New England Colonies
Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island
Subsistence Farming
This was used in the New England colonies because families could only grow enough for themselves as a result of the rocky soil
Bread Basket
Middle colonists were called this because they grew mainly grain crops
Maryland
This colony was a haven for Catholics who had been persecuted in other colonies and fled here
William Penn
This Quaker founded a colony based on peace and freedom of religion
Roger Williams
This person was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony and founded Rhode Island
Anne Hutchinson
This female was banished from Massachusetts Bay Colony for criticizing the Puritan Church
Thomas Hooker
This man, along with others who were dissatisfied, left the Massachusetts Bay Colony and founded Connecticut
Georgia
This colony was founded as a debtors' colony
James Oglethorpe
This person founded Georgia for those who had been prisoners in England
Lord Baltimore
This person founded Maryland as a colony for religious freedom for ALL Christians, including Catholics
Bacon's Rebellion
This uprising among back country farmers in Virginia against the government of Jamestown for failing to protect them against Native American attacks
Zenger Trial
This established freedom of press in the colonies
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
The first written Constitution in America
Maryland Toleration Act
This document established freedom of religion in its colony
New England Town Meetings
The form of democracy was found mostly in New England and displays a form of direct democracy at the local level of government
Cash Crops
The south produced these the sell and make a profit
Anarchy
Without laws and government
Monarchy
Ruled by a King
John Rolfe
Introduced the cultivation of tobacco and helped Jamestown succeed
Massachusetts Bay Colony
This colony was known for religious intolerance