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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back


the make up and diversity of the UK

Birth rate

the number of live births per 1000 of the population per year

Fertility rate

the number of live births per 1000 women aged 15-44 per year

(number of children each woman is having)

Infant mortality rate

the number of deaths of infants under a year old per 1000 of the population per year

Death rate

the number of deaths per 1000 of the population per year


the number of people entering the UK (immigration) and leaving the UK (emigration)

Factors that caused the population increase/decrease

  • first and second world wars
  • introduction of the welfare state
  • introduction of the contraceptive pill
  • introduction of the equal pay act

Decrease in death rates

due to :

- better imunisation

- introduction of the NHS

- better economy

- less people smoking

- better education

- food is cheaper

Ageing population

- People aren't having as many children

- people are living longer

- overall the majority of the population is getting older

- overall this leads to more reconstituted families

Beanpole family Brannen

- an ageing populations leads to longer, thinner family trees

- more generations within them

- more likely to include grandparents and great grandparents

-grandparents play a bigger role in their children's lives

New Right

-like grandparents playing a bigger role in their grandchildren's lives because it means they are getting primary socialisation from the 'golden age'

-however it does mean the women can go out and work which they don't like

Net migration

More people, overall, coming into the population than leaving

+most people coming into the country are young and looking for work - more people to do the jobs that old people are retiring from

- puts stress on services such as the NHS, and the education system which has to cater to those of different cultures who speak different languages

timeline of net migration

1950's - largely from the Caribbean, needed more people to work in the NHS after the war

- also lots of migration from India to fill more skilled medical jobs

1960/70's - Bangladeshi and Pakistani families seeking asylum from civil war in their own countries

1970's - people seeking asylum from Uganda due to Idiami

2000's - Present - a lot of eastern European migration due to be being part of the EU, pound is worth more than the Euro, looking for a better life, a lot from Poland and more recently Syria and Iraq

New Right - Net migration

- don't like it

- believe it 'dilutes our traditional values'

- Theresa May has been heard saying this when she was foreign secretary

Feminism - Net migration

- liked it because in the 50's most of the people coming over were women to work as nurses making them the breadwinner of the family

- single parent families didn't become some what acceptable until there were so many that the government couldn't control them.

Victor et al

- found that older people from Bangladeshi and Pakistani families didn't know whetehr they could depend on their children to look after them

- due to children and grandchildren developing more British values

Chamberlain and Goulbourne

- Studied Afro- Caribbean mothers in Leeds

- single mothers were often supported by extended and fictive kin ( friends neighbours etc.)