Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/36

Click to flip

36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

stress

subjective reaction to an environmental change (physical or physiological)

PTSD

An anxiety disorder in which fear andrelated symptoms continue to be experiencedlong after a traumatic event.

acute stress disorder

An anxiety disorderin which fear and related symptoms areexperienced soon after a traumatic eventand last less than a month.





dissociative disorders

A group ofdisorders in which some parts of one’smemory or identity seem to be dissociated,or separated, from other parts of one’smemory or identity

trauma

direct experience of an actual or threatened death, serious injury or threat to physical integrity

dissociative identity disorder

dissociativedisorder in which a person developstwo or more distinct personalities. Alsoknown as multiple personality disorder.

depersonalization-derealizationdisorder

dissociative disorder markedby the presence of persistent and recurrentepisodes of depersonalization, derealization,or both.




feeling detached from one's body or mental processes (as if watching yourself from the outside)

dissociation

significant disruption in one's state of consciousness, memory and/or sense of identity, caused by psychological factors

major depressive disorder

severepattern of unipolar depression that is disablingand is not caused by such factors asdrugs or a general medical condition.




catatonic, melancholia, atypical features, postpartum onset, season pattern, reactive (external), endogenous (internal)

dysthymic disorder

A mood disorderthat is similar to but longer-lasting and lessdisabling than major depressive disorder.




able to function, but generally sad, tired, distracted and pessimistic




low self-esteem and feelings of hopelessness




>2 years

norepinephrine

A neurotransmitterwhose abnormal activity is linked to depressionand panic disorder

serotonin

A neurotransmitter whoseabnormal activity is linked to depression,obsessive-compulsive disorder, and eatingdisorders

bipolar I disorder

A type of bipolardisorder marked by full manic and majordepressive episodes.




worsens overtime, mixed episodes

bipolar II disorder

type of bipolardisorder marked by mild manic and majordepressive episodes.




normal mood interrupted by hypomanic and depressive episodes





cyclothymic disorder

A disorder markedby numerous periods of hypomanic symptomsand mild depressive symptoms




less severe, but more constant mood swings (2 or more years)

suicidality

intentional taking of one's own life




A self-inflicted death in whichthe person acts intentionally, directly, andconsciously.

depression

A low, sad state marked bysignificant levels of sadness, lack of energy,low self-worth, guilt, or related symptoms.

mania

state or episode of euphoria orfrenzied activity in which people may havean exaggerated belief that the world istheirs for the taking.

parasuicide

A suicide attempt that doesnot result in death.

somatic symptom disorder

A disorderin which persons become excessively distressed,concerned, and anxious aboutbodily symptoms that they are experiencing,and their lives are greatly and disproportionatelydisrupted by the symptoms.




how stress causes physical symptoms without medical reason/basis




e.g. pain, GI problems, sexual symptoms, neurological symptoms

psychophysiology

how stress exacerbates physical illnesses

somatic

bodily ailment with a psychological bases




e.g.: dizziness, pain, numbness, nausea/stomach aches, paralysis

factitious disorder

A disorder in whichan individual feigns or induces physicalsymptoms, typically for the purpose ofassuming the role of a sick person.




deceptive falsification




i.e.: malingering, Munchausen syndrome

conversion disorder

disorder in whichbodily (physical) symptoms affect voluntary motor andsensory functions, but the symptoms areinconsistent with known medical diseases.




formerly known as hysteria


i.e.: glove anesthesia

illness anxiety disorder

persons are chronically anxiousabout and preoccupied with the notionthat they have or are developing a seriousmedical illness, despite the absenceof somatic symptoms.




Previously known ashypochondriasis.




persists despite medical evaluation and reassurance

psychophysiology

psychological stress ➡ physical health




3 pathways


1. Stress = unhealthy behaviors


2. Stress = physiological reactions


3. Personality and stress management = unhealthy behaviors

psychophysiological disorders

Disorders inwhich biological, psychological,and sociocultural factors interactto cause or worsen a physical illness.




aka psychological factors affectingmedical condition

1. Stress = unhealthy behaviors

•less likely to exercise


• eat more junk food


• more consumption of caffeine, nicotine, alcohol

2. Stress = physiological reactions

•immunosuppression


• heart disease


• diabetes


• memory


• asthma


• cancer

3. Personality & stress = unhealthy behaviors

•pessimism


• repressive coping


• Type A personality— personalitypattern characterized by hostility, cynicism,drivenness, impatience, competitiveness,and ambition

behavioral medicine

A field thatcombines psychological and physicalinterventions to treat or prevent medicalproblems.




"primary integrated care"

anorexia nervosa

A disorder markedby the pursuit of extreme thinness and byextreme loss of weight.

bulimia nervosa

A disorder marked byfrequent eating binges that are followed byforced vomiting or other extreme compensatorybehaviors to avoid gaining weight.




aka binge-purge syndrome.

binge

An episode of uncontrollable eatingduring which a person ingests a very largequantity of food.

binge eating disorder

disordermarked by frequent binges but not extremecompensatory behaviors.

enmeshed family pattern

A familysystem in which members are overinvolvedwith each other’s affairs and overconcernedabout each other’s welfare.