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55 Cards in this Set

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Art governed by rules, especially works sanctioned by an official institution, academy, or school

Academic art

A clear synthetic resin used as a binder in acrylic paint and as a casting material in sculpture.

Acrylic

A semicircular end to an aisle in a basilica or a Christian church.

Apse

A term from military theory that was applied to modern art, meaning the advance guard of troops that moves ahead of the main army.

Avant-garde

A roman town hall, with three aisles and an apse at one or both ends.

Basilica

The material used in paint that causes pigment particles to adhere to one another.

Binder

A painting technique in which pigments suspended in water are applied to a damp lime plaster surface.

Buon fresco

A dark room with a small hole in one side, through which an inverted image of the view outside is projected onto the opposite wall, screen, or mirror

Camera obscura

A substitution process that involves pouring liquid material such as molten metal, clay, wax, or plaster into a mold.

Casting

Underground burial places in ancient rome.

Catacombs

A work made by gluing various materials, such as paper scraps, photographs, and cloth, on a flat surface.

Collage

A movement that grew out of abstract expressionism, in which large stained or painted areas or " fields " of color evoke aesthetic and emotional responses.

Color field painting

A photograph taken by an early photographic process developed in the 1830s, in which a treated metal plate was exposed to light, and the chemical reactions on the plate created the first satisfactory photographic images

Daguerreotype

Sculptural forms mafe from earth, rocks, or sometimes plants, often on a vast scale and in remote locations.

Earthwork

A type of painting in which pigment is suspended in a binder of hot wax.

Encaustic

A type of artwork that takes as its subject everyday life, rather than civic leaders, religious figures, or mythological heroes.

Genre painting

A mixture of glue and chalk, thinned with water and applied as a ground before painting with oil or egg tempera.

Gesso

A silica-based paint for clay that fuses with the clay body on firing.

Glaze

A cultural and intellectual movement during the Renaissance, following the rediscovery of the art and literature of ancient greece and rome.

Humanism

One who opposes the creation of pictures of holy persons, believing that they promote idolatry.

Iconoclast

Im painting, thick paint applied to a surface in a heavy manner, having the appearance and consistency of buttery paste or of cake frosting.

Impasto

Any printmaking technique in which lines and areas to be inked are recessed below the surface of the printing plate.

Intaglio

The block of metal, wood, stone, or other material that an artist works to create a print.

Matrix

A dull finish or surface,especially in painting, photography, and ceramics.

Matte

A particular material along with its accompanying technique.

A medium/media

The tall central space of a church or cathedral, usually flanked by side aisles.

Nave

Impenetrable by light; not transparent or translucent

Opaque

Painting characterized by openness of form, in which shapes are defined by loose brushwork in light and dark color areas rather than by outline or contour.

Painterly

A shelf above the colonnade on the short ends of a classical greek temple.

Pediment

An optical illusion that makes cinema possible.

Persistence of vision

Any coloring agent, made from natural or synthetic substances, used in paints or drawing materials.

Pigment

A system of painting using tiny dots or " points " of color.

Pointillism

An attitude or trend of the late 1970s-1990s

Postmodern

A common manufactured object that the artist signs and turns into an artwork.

Readymade

Sculpture in which three-dimensional forms project from the flat background of which they are a part.

Relief

An official art exhibition in France, juried by members of the official french academy.

Salon

A type of painting in which an artist arranges items on a tabletop for subject matter.

Still life

The physical material that provides the base for and sustains a two-dimensional work of art.

Support

A water-based paint that uses egg yolk as a binder.

Tempera

A mythological animal that symbolizes a clan group.

Totem

Liquid emulsion used as a carrier or spreading agent in paints

Vehicle

In weaving, the threads that run lengthwise in a fabric, crossed at right angles by the weft.

Warp

Paint that uses water-soluble gum as the binder and water as the vehicle.

Watercolor

In weaving, the horizontal threads interlaced through the warp

Weft

Sculptural form produced by adding, combining, or building up material from a core or an armature.

Additive sculpture

Explain the concept of " humanism " and its impact on renaissance art and culture.

Humanism rediscovered the culture of greece and rome.

Who were the three major client groups that commissioned baroque art?

Church, nobles, and the wealthy

Describe the artistic goals and development of cubism is art.

Emphasize pictorial composition over personal expression.

How is impressionism an outgrowth of realism?

it is actually based on real subjects and scenes even though the emphasis is on the dematerializing effect of light and transient effects on these scenes.

How and when was photography invented?

The desire of renaissance artist to make accurate depictions of nature. The sixteenth century

Why is photography a useful medium for influencing social change?

Because during that time there was a rise to the saying the "camera never lies"

What was the " Motion Picture Code? "

It is meant to regulate the moral content of films.

What are the principal techniques of sculpture?

Additive, subtractive, and constructive

Be able to compare the ways that art serves a commemorative function in society.

Personal, public act

Be able to discuss the historical distinction of craft and art.

Craft is ability and art is emotion