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12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
when doing research what obligations does the researcher have with their colleagues and why?
The obligation is to report findings honestly and to make known the shortcomings of a research project. besides being dishonest and unethical misrepersenting data or the why data was gathered retards the scientific process.
identify and define the two concepts a social researcher must guarantee the participants?
-anonymity and confidentiality
-anonymity is when the researcher cannot identify a given responce with the respondent
-confidentiality is when the researcher can identify the persons responses but promises not to do so publicly.
What are some of the general ways social researchers agree on ethics within the scientific community?
- voluntary participation
- No harm to the participants
- Anonymity
- confidentality
- deception
- honest analysis and reporting
- Institutional review boards
- Professional code of ethics
What is voluntary participation and why is it necessary in social research?
voluntary participation is the willingness of the person or group being analised.
It is important in social research because:
-it can be an intrusion into peoples lives
-personal information may be revaled to strangers
-no one should be forced to participate
In scientific terms what is violated by participant observation and why?
the goal of generalizability because the respondents might be the type who regularly respond to such things, therefore skewing data.
What are some of the distinctions between ethics of social research and the political issues in social research?
ethics tend to deal with the methods employed by the researcher.
Political issues deal with the substance and use of research.
another distinction is there are no codes of conduct to deal with political issues.
what harms against participants must a social researcher must watch out for?
- peronal injury
- revealing information that would embarrass or endanger the subjects
- psychological dangers
What are some of the ethical dilemmas in field research?
- researcher not being able to reveal the study for fear of affecting the social processes being studied.
what is informed consent?
- subjects must base thier voluntary particaipation on the full understanding of all possible risks.
what is the idea behind a value free sociology and who coined this term?
value free sociology is the idea of not letting personal values harbour research.
This concept was developed by Weber.
What is deception in social research?
Deception is knownly lieing about the your identity, the purpose of your research and whom you are conducting the research for.
Deception, although unethical, is sometimes used to conduct research. What technique is used to avoid and justify this reason?
Debriefing is used to identify problems generated by the research experience.