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7 Cards in this Set

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TOPIC #1




List the Diagnostic criteria in the DSM

- Individual must two or more distinct personality states


- one must experience current gaps in recall of everyday events


- symptoms must cause clinical distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas


- disturbance is not part of a religious or cultural practice


- symptoms can not be better explained by substance use or another medical condition

TOPIC #2




Another name for DID is ...

Multipule personality disorder

Topic #2




List facts regarding prevalence, incidence, and demographic





- Uncommonly diagnosed


- In non-western cultures DID is seen as spirit possession


- Latino Vietnam war vets were more likely to have DID than non latino war vets


- People who have experience extreme traumas are more at risk for DID


- Those who have faced childhood sexual abuse are most vulnerable to DID

TOPIC #2




What are some theories as to why a person develops an alternate personality

- A way of coping with with highly emotional or traumatic events, it allows the individual to dissociate from themselves in the situation


- The alternate personality can suffer through the trauma

TOPIC #2




DID often occurs along side what other disorder

- Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

TOPIC #3




List some Physiological symptoms and genetic factors of DID

- There is a genetic factor involved in the predisposition of DID (adoptive vs biological study)


- DID individuals are highly hypnotizable (hypnosis is a form of dissociation) - hinting again at a genetic predisposition


- DID may be in the genes but remains inactive until a traumatic event



TOPIC #4




List some Neurological and Neurochemistry facts about DID

- Decrease in hippocampal and amygdala volume


- Smaller cortical grey matter of the whole brain, as well as frontal, temporal, and insular cortices


- DID individuals tend to have higher intelligence (more personalities with different IQ's)


- Decrease blood flow in the orbital frontal region


- increased blood flow in the median and superior frontal regions