• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)

Introduction of tools

History focused on.... ;And is an alternative to conventional history.

Chapter 1

1. Debunking "illiteracy as ignorance"

2. Reassessing Filipino history using the viewpoint of cultural history

3. The cultural soul

4. Westernization vs. Asianization

Main topics in "Culture as History"

Chap 1

By encountering the Western technology

How Filipino soul was born?

Chap 1

Spanish "created" Filipino; while American "helped" Filipino to become more aware of its Filipinoness

Difference of Spanish and American occupation in terms of building up our identity and cultural soul

Chap 1

Material shapes history

Definition of history of culture

Chap 1

Culture is a subtheme, product and framework of history (influential events to history)

Definition of culture of history

Chap 1

Bakas ng Kahapon exhibit

Exhibited the artifacts related to the PH culture from neolithic to present about how Filipino works best in small scale

Chap 2

Club Filipino exhibit

Exhibited a record of challenges not met by the Filipinos

Chap 2

1. Air of immobility

2. Static and stagnant

3. Squatting figures

4. Same designs

Pre-colonial pottery characteristic

Chap 2


Example of a Moro art

Chap 2

Advent of the spirit of restlessness

What Moro artifacts showed in their art

1. Santo bursts with energy

2. Everything is in motion

3. Animation of the inanimate

4. Everything has an upward surge

Christian artifacts show what?

Chap 2

Art of santero (making Santo)

A small kind of art, and experienced the same fate with our pottery industry due to our "utak-tingi" characteristic


We declined and did not develop

This leads to the death of religious art because


Develop or Decay

Iron Law of Life


Native Spanish litt is killed by Americanization

Fate of Phil. Writing in Spanish


A pattern of dropped and evaded challenges

Characteristic of Phil. Writing in English (excellency in making short stories instead of moving to bigger challenges)


"Being native to a country is enough"

What Joy Zimmerman said about the Igorots


Static quality of mountain culture

Could be seen in both rice terrace and Igorot cloth designs


By colonial experience and subsequent political upheavals (e.g. Revolution)

How Filipino was shaped (based on Chapter 3)



Period of time important to history


1. Apostolic times

2. Era of persecution

3. Era of peace

4. Byzantine empire

5. European (Christianity as a primitive religion)

6. Franciscan times

Representations of Christ


Biblical images taboo, no representation

Representation of Christ in Apostolic Times


Representation of Christ in Era of persecution

Agonized Christ is forbidden; Risen Christ or Good Shepherd is the ideal look

Representation of Christ in Era of Peace

Stiffening and half-oriental; expressionless and massive Christ image

Representation of Christ in Byzantine empire

Figure of:

1. Crucified; or

2. Magical Babe

Representation of Christ in Europe when Christianity became the primitive religion

Feudal Prince (e.g. Holy Child of Prague)

Representation of Christ in Medievals (give example)

Child in tears (e.g. Sto. Niño de Passion)

Representation of Christ in the proletarianism of the early Franciscans.

Feast of the Holy Name

Innocent XIII recognized what feast in 1721


1. Sto. Niño of Cebu (Senyor de Cebu)

2. Sto. Niño of Tondo (Little Lord of Tondo)

3. Sto. Niño of Pandacan (Mexican, Aztec deity)

Three figures of Sto. Niño as faith began a devotion in the child

Capitan General de Filipinas

Sto. Niño in San Sebastian churh wearing Napoleonic tricorn (1800)

Sto. Niño in Aglipayan churches

Wore baro, Balintawak trousers and bakya (1900)

Holy Child of Prague

Holds a crown and orb which is the present model of the Sto Niño where we are stuck at

Folk catholicism

Our own religious style in religion


Sion of the PH islands

La Villa del Santisimo Nombre de Jesus

First church in PH

Conversion to Christianity

United us to one political body

Chapter 5

Sto. Niño

Perfect symbol of Phil. Christianity w/ became so native that we even forget it came from outside

Christianity is adapted itself to paganism

How Church triumphed in the PH

Andres de Urdaneta

Defined as economically culture hero

Andres de Urdaneta

Built the first church, enthroned the Sto. Niño, baptized his first converts, first spiritual head of the colony, and discovered a safe return route

carabao turned into a draft animal

It is when the wheel and plow is introduced


Nature god came out of the sea, not only god of Agriculture

Development of our own architecture

Introduction of wheel

Miguel de Legaspi

Said to be the image of a conquistador

La Naval de Manila

Phil. Victory over Dutch wars

Don Francisco Laxamana

Maestre de campo

1. Era of conquest and conversion

2. Era of Commonwealth

3. Era of a colony and era of revolt

Three distinct eras (Chapter 4: Conquistador)