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20 Cards in this Set

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Analects

thecollection of sayings and ideas attributed to the Chinese philosopher Confuciusand his contemporaries, traditionally believes to have been written byConfucius’ followers

Confucius/Kongfuzi,

aChinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher who emphasize personal andgovernmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice andsincerity.

Dao/Tao

either‘The Way’ in the sense of the Ultimate or the ‘way’ in the sense of the pathtaken by followers of a particular tradition

Daodejing/Tao te Ching

aChinese classical text written by Laozi, a record-keeper at the Zhou Dynastycourt

Eight Immortals

a group of legendary enlightened immortals/saints inChinese mythology. Each immortal’s power can be transferred to a power toolthat can bestow life or destroy evil. Together, these 8 tools are called theCovert Eight

Filial piety

owea debt to those who have raised us; respect child shows parents, thisrelationship was extended to five relationships

Five relationships,

rulerto ruled; father to son; husband to wife; elder brother to younger brother;friend to friend

Five classics:

five ancient Chinese books used in Confucianism as thebasics of studies – Classic of Poetry, Book of Documents, Book of Rites,Classic of Changes, and Spring and Autumn Annals

Four Books

Chinese classic texts illustrating the core value andbelief systems in Confucianism – Great Learning, Doctrine of the Mean,Analects, and Mencius

I Ching

Bookof Changes; composed of 64 hexagrams, with each giving a piece of advice;sometimes used by the government as a method of prophecy/divination;long-lasting permanent change vs. quick change

Laotzi/LaoTzu

ancient Chinese philosopher and author of the Tao TeChing (Laozi); seen as a deity in most religious forms of Taoist philosophy

Mencius

thesecond most prominent Confucian thinker, known in Chinese as Meng Ke, MasterMeng, and Mengzi; he believed that human nature s inherently good

Qi/Chi

ideaof the ‘force’; spiritual, disembodied force of the universe that flowsthroughout us

Qigong/Chigong:

a ‘breath’ discipline or set of exercises used to enhance health and spiritual well-being; also the vital or material energy or force that animates everything in the universe

Ren

: the central Confucian virtue, usually translated as‘humaneness’, ‘benevolence’, ‘goodness’, or ‘compassion

Taiji/T’ai-chi

the‘Great Ultimate’, understood to coexist with the Ultimate of Non-being; alsothe term for the slow motion exercise widely known in English as Tai Chi

Tian

the mandate of Heaven

Wuwei

‘Notdoing’ as a way of being in the world: a state not of doing nothing but ofacting without intention or self interest; an ideal for both Daoists andConfucians, though most prominently associated with the former

Yang

wordfor one half of the two opposing forces in Chinese philosophy, described as thebright force opposing yin (feminine)

Ying

wordfor one half of the two opposing forces in Chinese philosophy, described as thedark force opposing yang (masculine