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14 Cards in this Set

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  • Back


-Preventing the expansion of a hostile country or influence

-What Truman aimed to do during his time in office

Truman Doctrine

-(1947), this stated that the US would provide economic, political, and military aid to all democratic nations under threat from external or internal authoritarian forces

-First change in the previous US isolationist foreign policy

-Now signifies the start of containment

Marshall Plan

-(1948), the US gave $17 billion to help reconstruct Europe following the war

-Wanted to ensure that Europe was stable so that it would be stronger against threatening communist influences

United Nations

-Established in 1945 to promote international peace and cooperation

-Was called on multiple times during the Cold War to intervene by the US and other countries


-Military alliance between mainly Allied, capitalist powers that guarantees collective defense if a member country is threatened

-Began in 1949

-Was more just for show until the Korean War

Warsaw Pact

-Opposes NATO

-Began in 1955

-Military alliance treaty between 8 communist countries in Central and Eastern Europe

-Soviets began this to maintain control over their military forces in Central and Eastern Europe

-This was also partially in response to Western Germany joining NATO the same year


-From US Security Council in 1950

-Stated that the US should fight communism with containment, which only furthered information said in the Marshall Plan and Truman Doctrine

-Important part of US foreign policy during the Cold War

Rio Pact

-Established in 1947

-Alliance between the Americas that if any one country was threatened, all would consider themselves to be threatened and subsequently help the endangered nation by providing aid

-Known as hemispheric defense

Organization of American States (OAS)

-Established in 1948 and is similar to the Rio Pact

-Between US and 20 Latin America countries

-Provided protection of the Western Hemisphere


-Binded the US, Australia, and New Zealand

-Established in 1951

-Provided collective security for one another against communism in the Pacific region

New Look

-Mainly began in 1953

-In order to fight communism, the Eisenhower administration increased the Air Force while decreasing the army and navy

-Balanced Cold War commitments with the US budget/expenses

-emphazised strategic nuclear weapons to deter potential threats

Massive Retaliation

-During Eisenhower's presidency

-Coined by Dulles in 1954

-Defined as the means in which a state (US) retaliates against an aggressor should be skewed so that the state (US) uses much more force than necessary


-The act of pushing a country "to the brink" of war, but never actually engaging in combat/battle

-Coined by Dulles during the Eisenhower administration

Eisenhower Doctrine

-(1957), stated that a country could request US assistance/aid (military or economic) if threatened from an armed opposing state

-Gave Eisenhower the leeway to intervene in other coutnries dealing with Soviet influence

-Resulted from the Suez Canal Crisis (1956)