Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/14

Click to flip

14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

containment

-Preventing the expansion of a hostile country or influence


-What Truman aimed to do during his time in office

Truman Doctrine

-(1947), this stated that the US would provide economic, political, and military aid to all democratic nations under threat from external or internal authoritarian forces


-First change in the previous US isolationist foreign policy


-Now signifies the start of containment

Marshall Plan

-(1948), the US gave $17 billion to help reconstruct Europe following the war


-Wanted to ensure that Europe was stable so that it would be stronger against threatening communist influences



United Nations

-Established in 1945 to promote international peace and cooperation


-Was called on multiple times during the Cold War to intervene by the US and other countries

NATO

-Military alliance between mainly Allied, capitalist powers that guarantees collective defense if a member country is threatened


-Began in 1949


-Was more just for show until the Korean War

Warsaw Pact

-Opposes NATO


-Began in 1955


-Military alliance treaty between 8 communist countries in Central and Eastern Europe


-Soviets began this to maintain control over their military forces in Central and Eastern Europe


-This was also partially in response to Western Germany joining NATO the same year

NSC-68


-From US Security Council in 1950


-Stated that the US should fight communism with containment, which only furthered information said in the Marshall Plan and Truman Doctrine


-Important part of US foreign policy during the Cold War

Rio Pact


-Established in 1947


-Alliance between the Americas that if any one country was threatened, all would consider themselves to be threatened and subsequently help the endangered nation by providing aid


-Known as hemispheric defense

Organization of American States (OAS)


-Established in 1948 and is similar to the Rio Pact


-Between US and 20 Latin America countries


-Provided protection of the Western Hemisphere

ANZUS Pact


-Binded the US, Australia, and New Zealand


-Established in 1951


-Provided collective security for one another against communism in the Pacific region

New Look


-Mainly began in 1953


-In order to fight communism, the Eisenhower administration increased the Air Force while decreasing the army and navy


-Balanced Cold War commitments with the US budget/expenses


-emphazised strategic nuclear weapons to deter potential threats

Massive Retaliation


-During Eisenhower's presidency


-Coined by Dulles in 1954


-Defined as the means in which a state (US) retaliates against an aggressor should be skewed so that the state (US) uses much more force than necessary

Brinkmanship


-The act of pushing a country "to the brink" of war, but never actually engaging in combat/battle


-Coined by Dulles during the Eisenhower administration

Eisenhower Doctrine


-(1957), stated that a country could request US assistance/aid (military or economic) if threatened from an armed opposing state


-Gave Eisenhower the leeway to intervene in other coutnries dealing with Soviet influence


-Resulted from the Suez Canal Crisis (1956)