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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back


a relatively brief episode of coordinated brain + behavioral changes that that facilitate a response to an internal/external event of significance in the organism


correspond to subjective experience of emotions the way you as an individual experience the emotion


diffuse affective states that are often lower intensity than an emotion but considerably longer in duration

Characteristics of an emotion

behavioral + psychological responses

evolved from basic mechanisms of survival

attached to an object or situation

Characteristics of the affect

free floating state, mood

Positive Valence


Negative Valence


James-Lange Theory [1884-1994]

Event produces arousal + the psychological changes are then interpreted to produce the emotion

Cannon-Bard Theory [1927]

Triggers emotion + arousal, but arousal does not have to come first

Cognitive Theory of Emotion

It is the event and the arousal, not just the arousal

Emergence-Synthesis Theory

Some emotions do not require interpretation while others do, so both are allowable

Uncertainty Reduction Theory

When people engage in communication, their primary goal is a reduction in certainty regarding the person or situation

Classical View

Emotions get in the way of reason

Romantic View

Emotions are better than reason

Flashbulb Memory

Involves better recall for personal events during a significant emergency situations

Negative Stimuli

Remembered better than positive or neutral stimuli + are more arousing stimuli (whether positive or negative) are remembered better

3 reasons for this:

1. Greater attention

2. Greater distinctiveness

3. Thinking about them more

Mood Congruent Memory

We remember more stimuli if those stimuli match a mood we were in while learning them (Stimuli matches the mood)

Mood Dependent Memory

Recall is better when the mood at recall matched that during learning (The moods match)

The Amygdala

Part of the limbic system, responsible for classical conditioning of a fear response

The Low Road

Shorter neural circuit to the amygdala mediates faster emergency responses

The High Road

Longer neural circuit to the amygdala mediates more thoughtful responses


Traveling between nerve cells; activating the amygdala and hippocampus


People use mental representations for social phenomena (How people think about people)


Social cognitive processing serves a purpose (Explores the settings, goals, and activities of social cognition)


Mental representations and cognitive processes develop, operate, and change over time

Internal Attribution

What's going on in yours or other people's heads

External Attribution

Blame the environment impacting everything

Fundamental Attribution Error

The tendency to prefer internal or dispositional [personality] traits as the best explanation for people's behaviour

Self-serving bias

The tendency to explain our own failures to external causes but to explain other people's failures as internal ones

Belief in a just world

The phenomenon in which we think that people get what they deserve


Deal with our "schemas about people"

Also helps us organize/understand them

Ingroup favoritism

[views their own group as] Having more diversity, being more attractive, nice, and socially acceptable

Outgroup Homogeneity Effect

[others are seen as having] More similarity


[...] prejudgment about a group, person, thought (about a person/group) + a predisposition to act upon a prejudgment

Also involves emotions associated with a person/group


Study of being


1. Across Groups

2. Over inner/outer processes

3. Culture can organize cognition

Functional Aspect

We attend from particulars to wholes

Phenomenal Aspect

We are aware of the particulars in the appearance of the wholes

Semantic aspect

The particulars become meaningful by their relation to the whole (signal)

Ontological aspect

What the tacit knowing is a knowledge of

Joint Salience

The ideal solution to a coordinationproblem among two or more agents isthe solution that is more salient,prominent, or conspicuous with respectto their common ground

Shared Tacit Knowledge

Many of the processes involved in[for example, learning a musical instrument] are tacit