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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A concentration of mental activity that allows you to take in a limited portion of the cast stream of information available from both you sensory world and your memory
paying attention to two or more simultaneous messages, responding to each as needed.

Usually accuracy decreases.
Your mind selects stimuli based on importance and blocks the rest out.
Dichotic Listening
The process of listening to one thing in one ear and another completely different thing in the other.
EX. The shadowing exercise we did in class.
Cocktail Party Effect
Paying attention to one conversation yet you will notice your name being called somewhere above the noise of everything else.
The Stroop Effect
It takes longer to say the color of the text of a word then it does saying the word.
Isolated-feature/combined feature effect
When looking for one feature that is different from the array of irrelevant items is faster to find than finding an item with two or more features.
EX. looking for a blue X in a field of red X's and O's is easier and faster than finding a blue X in a field of blue and red X's and O's.
Feature-present/feature-absent effect
You can find a feature that is present in a field of objects faster than finding a object that is missing one of its features in a field of similar objects.
EX. you can find the circle with the line faster if the others don't have a line rather than looking for a circle without a line in a group that all do have lines.
Saccadic Eye Movements
The eye movements when we read, it brings the center of the retina into position over the words you want to read.
Posterior Attention Network
Located in the parietal lobe. The attention required for visual searches. Also for shifting attention and focused attention.
Damage in your partial lobe where you don't notice half of your field of vision
Anterior Attention Network
Handles the kind of attention we use when a task features conflict. The Stroop task is an example of this attention. Inhibitory selection.
Perceptual Selection
decide what to attend to and what to ignore
part of the posterior
Inhibitory selection
Stops yourself from performing an automatic action.
Anterior part of attention
Bottleneck Theory
Our attention is restricted to how much can come in and out like a bottle neck.
Feature Integration Theory
We sometimes use distributed attention to look at all parts of the scene and process them at the same time, other times we used focused attention to process things in a scene one at a time.
Distributed Attention
allow you to register all the features simultaneously
Focused Attention
requires serial processing, and you identify one object at a time.