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5 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

Eukaryotic Chromosomes:

- eukaryote chromosomes are made of DNA and proteins


- a heritable factor that controls and specific characteristic

- consists of a length of DNA

- occupies a specific position on a chromosome


- one specific form of a gene, differing from other alleles by one or a few bases only and occupying the same gene locus as other alleles of the gene

- various specific forms of a gene are alleles

- alleles differ from each other by one or only a few bases

- new alleles are formed by mutation


- the whole of genetic information of an organism

- the entire base sequences of human genes was sequenced in the Human Genome Project

Gene Mutation:

a change to the base sequence