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5 Cards in this Set

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Eukaryotic Chromosomes:

- eukaryote chromosomes are made of DNA and proteins

Gene:

- a heritable factor that controls and specific characteristic


- consists of a length of DNA


- occupies a specific position on a chromosome

Allele:

- one specific form of a gene, differing from other alleles by one or a few bases only and occupying the same gene locus as other alleles of the gene


- various specific forms of a gene are alleles


- alleles differ from each other by one or only a few bases


- new alleles are formed by mutation

Genome:

- the whole of genetic information of an organism


- the entire base sequences of human genes was sequenced in the Human Genome Project

Gene Mutation:

a change to the base sequence