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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

all gaseous mixtures are _________

solutions

solid solutions are ______

rare

_________ is a good way to purify solids

crystallization

salt acts as an __________

antifreeze

a ________ is a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances

solution

when a solution reaches a point where the rate of dissolving equals the rate of reforming, the system is in ______________

equilibrium

the ksp value is a ______ value for each solubility equilibrium

fixed

everytime the same conditions of temperature and ________ are achieved, the ksp applies

pressure

a large ____ favors the product side of equilibrium

Ka

_______ is a weak acid

litmus

a large Ka means a strong ____

acid

______ has a small Ka value

water

_________ is a very weak acid

ammonia

organic compounds are all composed of _________

carbon

organic compound can be ____________

synthesized

over a _________ organic compounds are known exist

million

each year over ___,_____ new organic compounds are produced.

100,000

_______ atoms can form chains thousands of atoms long

carbon

_________ is not a three-dimensional molecule

graphite

carbon forms ________ compounds

tetrahedral

_________ ______ share electron pairs

covalent bonds

______ have the same molecular formulas

isomers

compounds of hydrogen and carbon are called _________

hydrocarbons

natural gas and petroleum are mostly ______

alkanes

a _______ is formed by the processes of dissolving and diffusion

solution

a substance that is dissolving is called the _______

solute

the process of intermingling of the ions of one substance into another is called __________

difusion

_________ continues until an equilibrium is reached

dissolving

the dissolving process is primarily _____ from the solute when the dissolving begins

away

NH4Cl

salt

HCl

acid

H2SO4

acid

NaOH

base

Na3PO4

salt

the oxidation number for nitrogen is NO2 is

+4

the oxidation number for nitrogen NO is

+2

the oxidation number for nitrogen N2O4 is

+4

the oxidation number for nitrogen NO3 is

+6

the oxidation number for nitrogen N3O6 is

+4

the carbon number for natural gas is

C1 - C4

the carbon number for petroleum ether is

C5 - C6

the carbon number for ligroin is

C6 - C7

the carbon number for gasoline is

C5 - C10

the carbon number for kerosene is

C12 - C18

cyclic compound with both saturated and unsaturated characteristics

benzene

series name of hydrocarbons with double bond

alkene

series name of hydrocarbons with triple bond

alkyne

general formula of alkanes

CnH2n+2

reaction typical of unsaturated hydrocarbons

addition