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24 Cards in this Set

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What is the molecular formula for glucose?

C6H12O6

Monomers are joined together to form larger polymers through...?

Dehydration

Polymers are broken down into the monomers that make them up through the chemical reaction called...?

Hydrolysis

Sucrose is known as the most common...?

Disaccharide

True or false? Cellulose is the most abundant organic compound on Earth.

True

The four main classifications of large biological molecules are?

Carbohydrates, Protiens, Nucleic Acids, Lipids

A group of atoms directly involved in chemical reactions

Functional Group

Energy-rich chains of carbon and hydrogen

Hydrocarbons

Molecules that have the same molecular formula but different structures

Isomers

What is a Trylyceride?

Three molecules fo fatty acid joined to one moleculel of glycrol

True or false? A peptide bond joins adjacent amion acidss together.

True

What are unsaturated fats?

A fatty acid chain with at least on double bond between carbon atoms

What kind of unsaturated fats are tmost healthful?

FIsh & plant fats

What kinds of unsaturated fats are particularly unhealthy?

Trans fats

What are amion acids and what is the one part of an amoion acid that varies?

Amion acids are the monomers of all proteins and the side chain (R-Group) is what varies.

What is hydrogenation?

The conversion of unsaturated fats to saturated fats by adding hydrogen.

What is Protein?

A folded polumer of amino acid monomers

What is Hydrophilic?

"Water loving" molecules that dissolve readily in water

What matches to what on a DNA strand?

A to T and G to C

True or false? RNA is usually found in living cells in single-stranded form, whereas DNA usually exists as a double helix.

True

What are the three parts of a nucleotide?

A Phoshate Group, Five Carbon Sugars, and a Nitrogen containing group

What is a gene?

A unit of inheritance encoded in a specific region of DNA that prorams the amion acid sequence of a polypeptide.

What is lactase?

Enzyme necessary to break down the disaccharide lactose

What is a prion?

Misfolded versions of normal brain proteins