Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

What is the molecular formula for glucose?


Monomers are joined together to form larger polymers through...?


Polymers are broken down into the monomers that make them up through the chemical reaction called...?


Sucrose is known as the most common...?


True or false? Cellulose is the most abundant organic compound on Earth.


The four main classifications of large biological molecules are?

Carbohydrates, Protiens, Nucleic Acids, Lipids

A group of atoms directly involved in chemical reactions

Functional Group

Energy-rich chains of carbon and hydrogen


Molecules that have the same molecular formula but different structures


What is a Trylyceride?

Three molecules fo fatty acid joined to one moleculel of glycrol

True or false? A peptide bond joins adjacent amion acidss together.


What are unsaturated fats?

A fatty acid chain with at least on double bond between carbon atoms

What kind of unsaturated fats are tmost healthful?

FIsh & plant fats

What kinds of unsaturated fats are particularly unhealthy?

Trans fats

What are amion acids and what is the one part of an amoion acid that varies?

Amion acids are the monomers of all proteins and the side chain (R-Group) is what varies.

What is hydrogenation?

The conversion of unsaturated fats to saturated fats by adding hydrogen.

What is Protein?

A folded polumer of amino acid monomers

What is Hydrophilic?

"Water loving" molecules that dissolve readily in water

What matches to what on a DNA strand?

A to T and G to C

True or false? RNA is usually found in living cells in single-stranded form, whereas DNA usually exists as a double helix.


What are the three parts of a nucleotide?

A Phoshate Group, Five Carbon Sugars, and a Nitrogen containing group

What is a gene?

A unit of inheritance encoded in a specific region of DNA that prorams the amion acid sequence of a polypeptide.

What is lactase?

Enzyme necessary to break down the disaccharide lactose

What is a prion?

Misfolded versions of normal brain proteins