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37 Cards in this Set

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Growth of Cities
By 1890 there were three cities with populations greater than 1 million, partially due to the invention of the sky scraper
Louis Sullivan
architect who invented the skyscraper. "form follows function"
Slums
horrible places in cities with bad living conditions that are dirty, gross, and house the poor.
New Immigration
In the 1880s the types of immigrants started to change, they were coming from Eastern and Southern Europe, rather than Western Europe. New cultures
Little Italy/Poland
Many of the new immigrants brought their cultures with them, and created communities together
Social Gospel
Protestant clergyman started to preach about social reforms that should be made in the city that the government was ignoring led to christian socialism
Jane Addams
A woman deeply dedicated to uplifting the urban masses. Started the Hull House
Settlement Houses
Houses that helped immigrants make the transition from their old countries to new city life. First form of welfare
Florence Kelley
A woman of the Hull House who fought for welfare for women and children.
Lillian Ward
A woman activist who started the Henry Street Settlement in 1893 in New York City
New Nativism
With the new immigration came an uprising of new nativism.
APA
American Protective Association. a newer form of the Know-Nothing party. Argued for the American worker and helped pass anti-foreigner legislation.
Statue of Liberty
A gift from the French. It represented a shift to the idea that America is a melting pot. It also represented the "scum" coming into the US for nativists.
Changes in Churches
With the new immigration came in influx of new types of churches and religions. People were also rejecting god for more materialistic things.
Mary Baker Eddy
Founder of Christian Science. She wrote SCIENCE AND HEALTH WITH KEY TO SCRIPTURE in 1879, saying that prayer could heal disease.
YMCA/YWCA
Many city dwellers participated in these communities. It was a place for physical activity, social activity, and religious activity.
Charles Darwin
Wrote ON THE ORIGIN OF SPECIES which was extremely controversial because it contradicted creationism with a theory of evolution. While it was denied at first by many, most accepted it by 1875.
Fundamentalists
The minority who did not accept Darwin's theory and believed the literal word of the bible
Changes in Education
By 1900 there were over 6000 public schools in the US, it was becoming more and more important.
Booker T. Washington
The South had much worse public education than the north, especially southern blacks. Washington headed the Tuskegee Institute to educate southern blacks so they could succeed in the white man's world. He practiced "accommodation ism"
W.E.B. Dubois
Refuted Booker T. Washington's "accommodation ism" and argued that blacks should be equal. He was the first black man to graduate from harvard. Major role in the founding of the NAACP
NAACP
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Morrill Act
1862, a law that provided generous grants for public land to states would use it for education. Land-grant colleges came about because of this.
Hatch Act
1887, a law that provided funding for the establishment of agriculture experimentation stations connected to "land grant colleges"
Sensationalism
Simple writing about sex, scandal, and human interest. This is what the semi-literate people of the city wanted.
Joseph Pulitzer
A leader in the technique of Sensationalism, especially with his work in the New York World.
Yellow Journalism
Referring to Pulitzer's style of writing, getting its name from Pulitzer's comic "yellow kid"
Henry George
A liberal idealist, who wrote PROGRESS AND POVERTY, about the unfairness of people's lives who live in poverty.
Edward Bellamy
A Mass. yankee who published the socialist novel LOOKING BACKWARD which suggested nationalization of all major industry
Horatio Alger
A Puritan man who wrote over 100 novels for kids selling hundreds of millions of copies. They taught good morals. "dime novels"
Walt Whitman
A poet who wrote LEAVES OF GRASS
Mark Twain
American classic author, who was a satirist
Theodore Dreiser
A writer from Indiana who wrote SISTER CARRIE in 1900. His books described women rising up in society and were very controversial.
New Feminism
Women in the country had the ability to control their families more than those in the city, so those in the city wanted that power made up for with voting rights.
Ida B. Wells
Black women were left out of the new feminism movement, and she inspired them to get involved themselves. She was also passionate about anti-lynching
New Temperance
Alcohol consumption had increased post-civil war and the increase of liquor loving immigrants. women wanted their husbands to stop wasting their families income on alcohol.
WCTU
Women's Christian Temperance Movement organized in 1874. White ribbon was the symbol of purity.