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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

What did ancient people think was the cause of disease and illness?

Supernatural spirits and demons.

List (4) things Hippocrates stressed to help the body heal itself:

(1) good diet

(2) fresh air

(3) cleanliness

(4) exercise

In the Dark Ages, what was the main method used to treat illness and disease?

Prayer, and divine intervention.

List at least (4) diseases that shortened the life span of individuals in the Middle Ages:

(1) bubonic plague

(2) diphtheria

(3) smallpox

(4) typhoid

Why was dissection a major advance in health care during the Renaissance?

It allowed a better understanding of anatomy and physiology.

What was the significance of the invention of the microscope in 1666?

It allowed physicians to see organisms that are too small to be seen by the human eye.

What did apothecaries use to make many of the medications in the 17th century?

Many of the medications were made from plants and herbs similar to those used in ancient times.

Why was the invention of the stethoscope in 1819 important?

It made physicians able to listen to the various sounds made by the heart and lungs.

Identify (4) women who made who made important contributions to the advance of health care in the 19th century. Why were their contributions important?

(1) Elizabeth Blackwell - first female physician in the U.S.

(2) Florence Nightingale - founder of modern nursing.

(3) Dorothea Dix - superintendent of the Female Nurses of the Army.

(4) Clara Barton - founded the American Red Cross

Why was the discovery of DNA in 1953 so important?

It began the search for gene therapy to cure inherited diseases.

Think of future health care. What major advancements would you like to see in the 21st century? Why?

Cures for AIDS, cancer, and heart diseases; our technology is still developing, we could save many lives.

Clara Barton -

Founded the American Red Cross in 1881.

Chinese -

Used acupuncture to relieve pain and congestion.

Marie Curie -

Isolated radium in 1910.

Leonardo da Vinci -

Artist who used dissection to draw the human body.

Dark Ages -

Emphasis was placed on saving the soul and study of medicine was prohibited.

Egyptians -

Earliest people known to maintain accurate health records.

Gabriel Fahrenheit -

Created the first mercury thermometer.

Sir Alexander Fleming -

Discovered penicillin in 1928.

William Harvey -

Described the circulation of blood to and from the heart.

Hippocrates -

The father of medicine.

Edward Jenner -

Developed a vaccine for smallpox in 1796.

Robert Koch -

Developed the culture plate method to identify pathogens.

Joseph Lister -

Began using disinfectants and antiseptics during surgery.

Gregory Mendel -

Established the patterns of heredity.

Florence Nightingale -

Founder of modern nursing.

Louis Pasteur -

Began pasteurizing milk to kill bacteria.

Rhazes -

An Arab physician who began the use of animal gut for suture material.

William Roentgen -

Discovered X-rays in 1895.

Romans -

Began public health and sanitation systems.

Jonas Salk -

Developed the polio vaccine in 1952.