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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Adaptive strategy

A societies system of economic production. Similar economic causes have similar sociocultural affects


Laws (no longer in effect) in South Africa that physically separated different races into different geographic areas

Balkanization/ Balkanized

Balkanization: a process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities. Balkanized: Descriptive of a small geographic area that could not successfully be organized into one or more stable states because it was inhabited by many ethnicities with complex, longstanding antagonisms toward each other


(in the US) the Spanish-speaking quarter of a town or city, especially one with a high poverty level


A process by which real estate agents convince white property owners to sell their homes at low prices because of fear that persons of color will soon move into the neighborhood

Centripital force

An attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state

Chain migration

Migration of people to a specific location because relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there

Cultural adaptation

The process and time it takes a person to integrate into a new culture and feel comfortable within it

Cultural shatterbelt

A politically unstable region where differing cultural elements come into contact and conflict

Ethnic cleansing

A process in which a more powerful ethnic group forcibly removes a less powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogeneous region

Ethnic conflict

A conflict between two or more contending ethnic groups

Ethnic enclave

A geographic area with high ethnic concentration, characteristic cultural identity, and economic activity

Ethnic group

a community or population made up of people who share a common cultural background or descent

Ethnic homeland

the concept of the place with which an ethnic group holds a long history and a deep cultural association – the country in which a particular national identity began

Ethnic landscape

landscape affected and varied by the ethnic group living there

Ethnic neighborhood

an area within a city containing members of the same ethnic background


Identity with a group of people that share distinct physical and mental trusts as a product of common hereditary and cultural traditions


evaluation of other cultures according to preconceptions originating in the standards and customs of one's own culture


The mass killing of a group of people in an attempt to eliminate the entire group from existence


During the middle ages, a neighborhood in a city set up by law to be inhabited only by Jew; now used to denote a section of a city in which members of any minority group live because of social, legal, or economic pressure


Loyalty and devotion to a particular nationality


Identity with a group of people that share legal attachment and personal allegiance to a particular place as a result of being born there

Plural society

A place in which people mix but do not combine. Each holds it's own culture, language, ideas, and ways


Identity with a group of people descended from a biological ancestor


A person who subscribes to the beliefs of racism


the enforced separation of different racial groups in a country, community, or establishment


a tenant farmer especially in the southern U.S. who is provided with credit for seed, tools, living quarters, and food, who works the land, and who receives an agreed share of the value of the crop minus charges

Social distance

the perceived or desired degree of remoteness between a member of one social group and the members of another, as evidenced in the level of intimacy tolerated between them

Triangular slave trade

A practice, primarily during the eighteenth century, in which European ships transported slaves from Africa to Caribbean islands, molasses from the Caribbean to Europe, and trade goods from Europe to Africa