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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Alzheimer's Disease

An irreversible form of dementia characterized by progressive declines in cognitive and bodily functions, eventually resulting in death; it accounts for about 70% of all cases of dementia.

Autosomal Dominant Inheritance Patterns

A genetic inheritance pattern that requires only one gene from either one's mother or father in order to cause a trait or condition to develop.

Behavior Therapy

A type of psychotherapy that focuses on and attempts to alter current behavior. Underlying causes of the problem may not be addressed.


A type of protein involved in the formation of neuritic plagues both in normal aging and in Alzheimer's disease.

Beta-Amyloid Cascade Hypothesis

The process that beta-amyloid deposits create neuritic plagues, that in turn lead to neurofibrillary tangles, that cause neuronal death and, when this occurs severely enough, Alzheimer's disease.

Cognitive Behavior Therapy

A type of psychotherapy aimed at altering the way people think as a cure for some forms of psychopathology, especially depression.


A disorder characterized by a disturbance of consciousness and a change in cognition that develop over a short period of time.


A family of diseases characterized by cognitive decline. Alzheimer's disease is the most common form.


Feeling down or blue, marked by extreme sadness; the major symptom of depression.

Mental Status Exam

A short screening test that assesses mental competence, usually used as a brief indicator of dementia or other serious cognitive impairment.

Spaced Retrieval

A behavioral, implicit-internal memory intervention used in early- and middle-stage dementia.


The phenomenon when people with Alzheimer's disease show an increase in symptoms later in the day.

Vascular Dementia

A form of dementia caused by a series of small strokes.