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29 Cards in this Set

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What is the pulmonary circuit?
carries blood in arteries from the heart to the lungs and back to the heart
What is the systemic circuit?
carries oxygenated blood in arteries from the heart to all parts of the body and back to the heart
What is the pericardial sac?
A membrane that surrounds the heart
What does the right atrium do?
receives deoxygenated blood from the superior and inferior vena cava, and pumps it into the right ventricle through the tricuspid valve.
What does the right ventricle do?
receives deoxygenated blood from the right atrium via the tricuspid valve, and pumps it into the pulmonary artery via the pulmonary trunk
Describe the pulmonary circuit.
the right ventricle pumps blood into the lungs via the pulmonary arteries. Oxygen-rich blood travels via pulmonary veins to the left atrium
Where are the anterior and superior vena cava located?
entering the right atrium
Where is the pulmonary trunk located?
leaving the right ventricle
Where is the aortic arch located?
leaving the left ventricle
Where are the coronary artery and vein located?
between the ventricles; move blood through the heart
brachiocephalic artery
Where is it?
What does it do?
branches off the aortic arch
supplies blood to the right arm, head and neck
subclavian arteries
serve the forelimbs
branch into common carotids
internal and external jugular veins
drain blood from the head region
What veins fuse to form the superior vena cava?
subclavian and brachiocephalic
What is the dorsal aorta?
aortic arch runs along the backbone
celiac artery
leaves the aorta and takes blood to the stomach, liver and spleen
anterior mesenteric artery
branches from the dorsal aorta and supplies blood to the pancreas and small intestine
renal arteries
carry blood to the kidneys
genital arteries
branch from the aorta to the reproductive organs
iliacs
branch from the aorta to the hind legs
femoral arteries
as the iliacs spread deeper into the hind legs, they branch into femoral arteries
umbilical arteries
connect the umbilical cord and iliac arteries
Posterior vena cava is also known as what?
inferior
iliac veins
drain blood from hind legs
genital veins
drain blood from genital organs
blood filtered by the kidneys is returned to the heart by
the renal vein
the mesenteric vein and the gastric vein fuse to the form
the hepatic portal vein
blood leaves the liver through the
hepatic vein
the umbilical vein passes between what?
the umbilical cord and the liver