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21 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
a. A revival in literature in the late 17th and 18th centuries, characterized by a regard for the classical ideals of reason, form, and restraint.
b. A revival in the 18th and 19th centuries in architecture and art, especially in the decorative arts, characterized by order, symmetry, and simplicity of style.
A style primarily of interior design, that appeared in Franc around 1700. Rococo interiors featured lavish decoration, including small sculptures, ornamental mirrors, easel paintings, tapestries, reliefs, wall paintings, and elegant furniture. Comes from the french word rocaille (pebble).
Why did European tastes in art change in the mid-18th century? How did this make for a smoother transition toward neoclassicism?
The enlightenment, caused for scientific discoveries, questioning evolution, industrial revolution changed the taste. Neoclassicism leans more towards classical Greece and Rome. By using classical examples as models and guides, neoclassical art is characterized by its sense of order, logic, clarity, and to an extent, realism
Why did Neoclassicism appeal to political leaders in the 19th century?
Duty to a higher cause, such as one's country or its ruler, as well as the sense of decorum and appropriateness are emphasized. These qualities are seen in the increased "naturalism" of landscapes. Going back on how people should behave, sacrifice for the good of the country, including moral values.
Identify the formal artistic differences between neoclassicism and romanticism.
Neoclassicism: Even lighting, stage like setting, limits amount of figures to emphasize the idea.
Romanticism: Deals with death, chaos, despair, and reflects on society.
Give 3 adjectives from or phrases that describe the type of art created for the 18th century french aristocracy.
airy, frivolous, lack of morals.
What is the age of Enlightenment? What affect did it have on the art of the period?
The Rococo like the Enlightenment was about creating works that reflected the rational aspects and realist appeal of life what we have seen referred to as the Ape of Nature in the period. The works of art used loose lines to describe the shapes as they appear in motion and free of constraints which are the same as the aspects of the Enlightenment that is based on the rejection of traditional social, religious, and political ideas that were considered constraints of the earlier Baroque tendencies.
Genre Style Painting
Is of everyday life. We don't usually know who the people are.
Purpose of still life
To show status, temperance of life. A reminder to be religious good people.
Diego Velasquez, Water Carrier of Seville, 1619
Frans Hals, Archers of Saint Hadrian, 1633
Judith Leyster, self-portrait, 1630
Rembrandt, anatomy lesson of dr. tulp, 1632
Rembrandt, The company of captain frans banning cocq (night watch) 1642
Vermeer, Woman holding a balance, 1664
Vermeer, Allegory of painting, 1670-1665
Nicolas Poussin, Et in Arcadia Ego, 1655
Poussin, Burial of Phocion, 1648
Le Nain, Family of Country People, 1640
Georges de la tour, Adoration of the shepards, 1645-1650