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31 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Divorce Reform Act

1969 (1971 was passed)



The Legal Aid Act
1949
The Civil Partnerships Act
2004
The Same-Sex Marriage Act
2014
Stigma
The loss of shame through society to be an individual.
Secularisation
The loss of religion to impact our choices made in society.
Fletcher (1966)
The expectation of marriage is major as a cause of divorce rates.
Giddens
Romantic or 'Confluent' Love

Functionalists idea of Marriage
Optimistic- Life should be happy, dislike divorce, but dislike unhappy marriages also.
Feminists idea of Marriage

Bad- Oppresses women in the family.

Women's Careers

Risen from 27% in 1959 to 70% in 2005.


Achieve better jobs.


Not financially dependant on husbands.

Allan and Crow (2001)
Marriage less dependent on economic system, no longer a unit of PRODUCTION- spouses economically interdependent.

Feminists and Changes in position of Women


Wage earners and mothers= conflict with husbands that lead to divorce.


Hochschild (1997)

Home compares favourably with work.


Work=Value and respect.


Home= Men's resistance to help.

Bernard (1976)

Radical feminist, women dissatisfied with patriarchal marriage.
New Right and High Divorce Rates

Undesirable-undermines nuclear family.
Feminists and High Divorce Rates


Desirable- 'breaking free' from oppression of men.

Postmodernists and High Divorce Rates
Give individuals freedom and a cause of family diversity.
Functionalists and High Divorce rates

Doesn't prove marriage is a social institution under threat- high expectations of marriage. Remarriage shows commitment.
Marriage Rates since 1920's
Fewer people marry.
Leading to serial monogamy is...

More re-marriages.
Age of first marriage is...

Later.

Location of Marriage is...
Less likely to be in a church.
Attitudes to marriage now

Less pressure, less secularisation, decline in stigma, social acceptance.

Women and Marriage

Attitudes have changed. More career prospects.

Cohabitation


Unmarried couple in a sexual relationship living together.

Increase in Cohabitation...

Decline in stigma, younger generation, increased opportunities for women, secularisation.

Marriage and Cohabitation...

Marriage= Decrease.


Cohabitation= Increase.

Chester (1985)

Cohabitation is part of the marriage process.
Same Sex Relationships

2004 Civil Partnerships Acts, increased social acceptance and changes in social policy.