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10 Cards in this Set

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A set of attributes, behaviours and roles which are socially constructed through things such as gender socialisation generally associated with boys and men.


Masculinity is a socially constructed concept and fatherhood is a part of that. It is a role played by the male parent and, like masculinity, it has changed - Connel recognised this as 'the new man'. Traditional ideas of the father would be the breadwinner, instrumental role whereas nowadays the father is seen to share the housework and childcare and is more open with their emotions. However some believe this is the work of advertising.


Individualism is an attitude or mindset which individuals can adopt. Contemporary Britain is now regarded as an individual society, whereby were collective (for instance going to church on a Sunday) it has now broken down as people are out buying for their own good. One reason for this is the loss of working class extended families.


Reputation of an individual and perception of self and others in society. This is linked to someone's roles or occupation - for instance someone with a managerial or senior position will been seen as having a higher status than someone in a subordinate position. There are two types of status, ascribed and achieved.

Ascribed and achieved status

Ascribed: where someone is born into their status, associated with social class. E.g baby Charlotte into the royal family.

Achieved: where status is achieved (Metriocracy) through hard work and promotions.


Patterns of behaviour which are expected from people in different positions of society. Role conflict occur when members of society have multiple roles which may clash.


Williams (1983) said it was 'a way of life'

Culture is formed as norms and values become established in a society. Members of that society are socialised into the norms and values of their particular culture.


A form oh behaviour which most people follow in a society. E.g. Using a knife and fork


General principles or beliefs which the majority of society agree upon.


A system that promotes the belief that all ethnic groups are of equal status and have the right to maintain their traditions, meaning there is no real value consensus as there is such a diversity of cultures.