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30 Cards in this Set

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Name: Christ and Disciples on the Road to Emmaus (16-1)

Date: 1100

Location: Cloister of the Abbey of Santo Domingo, Silos, Castile, Spain

Civilization: Romanesque

Style: Pier Relief

Significance: Depicts the resurrected Christ and two of his disciples on the road from Jerusalem to Emmaus.

Christ has features of a medieval pilgrim- hat, satchel, the shell on the satchel was important to pilgrims traveling to the shrine of St. James at Santiago Compostela

About life size

Name: Cathedral of St. James in Santiago de Compostela (16-4)

Date: 1078-1122

Location: Galicia, Spain

Civilization: Romanesque

Significance: Held the body of St. James the apostle to the Iberian peninsula

Designed in a "pilgrimage plan" so that worshippers and pilgrims could circulate freely along the perimeter of the cathedral without disturbing services.

Cathedral of St. James at Santiago de Compostela
Transept Interior Cathedral of St. James at Santiago de Compostela
Name: Reliquary Statue of Sainte Foy (St. Faith)


Date: Late: 9th or 10th Century

Location: Abbey Church, Conques, France

Civilization: Romanesque

Material: Silver gilt over a wood core with gems and cameos added at various times

Significance: The monks at Conques stole the relic of St. Foy the child martyr, "holy robbery, from her shrine at Agen/ they encased their new relic, the skull of St. Foy in this statue/ the head was reused from a late Roman work/ 33 inches tall

Name: Cathedral Complex, Pisa (16-10)

Date: Cathedral-1063/baptistery 1153/ campanile (free standing bell tower) 1173/ Campo Santo 13th century

Location: Tuscany, Italy

Civilization: Tuscan Romanesque

Designer: Busketos

Purpose: Built to be dedicated to the Virgin Mary after the maritime power, Pisa, had a victory over the Muslims

The cathedral was designed as a cruciform basilica / The exteriors of Tuscan churches were decorated with marble

Name: Christ in Majesty (16-13)


Location: Apse of Church of San Climent, Taull, Catalunya, Spain

Civilization: Romanesque

Style: Fresco- combined Byzantine style with their own Mozarabic style

Christ is holding an open book that says " Ego sum luz mundi" " I am the light of the world"

Name: Durham Cathedral- nave (16-18)

Date: 1087-1133

Location: Nothern England, Durham/ an English military outpost

Civilization: Norman Romanesque

Original East end replaced by a Gothic choir/ about 73 feet tall/

Durham Cathedral Plan
Elements of Architecture- Romanesque Church Portal (pg. 478)
Name: The Last Judgement Tympanum at Autun (pg. 483)

Date: 1130-1145

Location: West portal, Cathedral of Saint-Lazare, Autun, Burgundy, France

Artist: Gislebertus?

Civilization: Romanesque

Significance: Displays Christ at the end of time judging the people/ The damned are underneath Christ's feat

Name: Virgin and Child (16-26)

Date: Late 12th Century

Location: Auvergne Region, France

Material: Oak with polychromy

Civilization: Romanesque

Style: Any image like this with Mary seated on a throne holding Christ is known as "The Throne of Wisdom"

Purpose: Served as a cult object on the altar/ They also sometimes took part in liturgical dramas such as one at the feast of Epiphany that celebrated the arrival of the Magi

It is 31 inches tall

Name: The Bayeux Embroidery- Messengers Signal the Appearance of Halley's Comet (pg. 488)

Date: 1066-1082

Location: Norman-Anglo-Saxon, perhaps from Canterbury, Kent, England

Material: Linen with wool embroidery

Purpose: Recounts the history of the Norman Conquest of England with William the Conqueror

Info: This particular scene displays people seeing Halley's comet which is an Anglo-Saxon sign of potent disaster

Name: The Bayeux Embroidery- Bishop Odo Blessing the Feast (pg. 488)

Date: 1066-1082

Location: Norman-Anglo-Saxon, perhaps from Canterbury, Kent, England

Material: Linen with wool embroidery

Purpose: Recounts the history of the Norman Conquest of England with William the Conqueror

Info: This scene depicts Odo and William feasting before battle/ Bishop Odo is blessing the feast

Name: View of Ambulatory and Apse Chapels- The Abbey Church of Saint-Denis (17-2)

Date: 1140-1144

Location: Just north of Paris, France

Constructor: Abbot Suger supervised the construction

Civilization: French

Style: Gothic

Purpose: Had french royal significance, housed the tombs of the kings of France, the regalia of the French crown, and the relics of St. Denis whose grave the church is built over

Importance: Many consider this the first gothic building/ emphasis on light and the divinity of luminosity which was derived erroneously from writings of Dionysus

Abbey Church of St. Denis
Name: Chartres Cathedral ( Cathedral of Notre-Dame at Chartres)- West Facade (17-4)

Date: West faced begun 1134/ cathedral rebuilt after a fire in 1194 and continued till 1260/ north spire 1507-1513

Location: Chartres, France

Civilization: French

Style: Gothic

Significance: Chartres was the site of the relic of a piece of Mary's clothing/ thought to have healing powers so it was a popular pilgrimage destination/ Cathedral was associated with important market fairs especially cloth markets

Name: Royal Portal at west Facade of Chartres Cathedral (17-5)

Date: 1145-1155

Location: Chartres Cathedral, France

Center Tympanum: Christ enthroned in his majesty returning at the end of time.

Right Tympanum: dedicated to the incarnation (God's first earthly appearance)

Left Tympanum: Christ's Assension

Significance: Flanking all three openings on the jambs are carvings of kings, queens, and prophets in the lineage of Christ hence the name Royal Portal

Elements of Arhcitecture the Gothic Church page 503
Name: Rose Window and Lancets, North Transept, Chartres Cathedral (17-11)

Date: 1230-1235

Location: Chartres Cathedral (Cathedral of Notre Dame at Chartres)

Material: Stained and painted glass

Significance: Proclaims the priestly heritage of Mary and Jesus

Who gave it: It was a gift from King Louis IX and probably arranged by his mother Queen Blanche of Castile.

The french royal emblem, fleur-de-lis appears on the window in the graudated lancets and in a series of quatrefoils

A Castilean device of golden castles is present a reference to Louis's mother

Name: West Facade, Cathedral of Notre-Dame Reims (17-13)

Date: finished in 1286, rebuilding begun 1211, facade 1225

Location: Reims, Region of Champagne, Northeast of Paris, France

Civilization: France

Style: Gothic

Purpose: Used for coronation ceremonies of French kings, finished for the coronation of Philip the Fair

5 master masons: Jean d'Orbais, Jean le Coup, Haucher de Reims, Bernard de Soissons, and Robert de Coucy directed the construction over the course of it being built

Name: Interior Looking West, Reims Cathedral (17-15)

Date: 1220

Bar tracery was a technique that placed stone mullions into expansive gaps in walls where stain glass was to be placed.

Name: Self-Portrait Kneeling Before the Virgin and Child (17-23)

Date: 1250-1259

Location: St. Albans, England

Artist: Matthew Paris

Material: Ink and color on parchment

Civilization: English

Period: Gothic

Significance: Comes from the book Historia Anglorum

Matthew painted himself looking towards words that offer a commentary on the painting above.

Name: Salisbury Cathedral (17-24)

Date: 1220-1258 / West facade finished 1265/ spire 1320-1330/ cloister and chapter house 1263-1284

Location: Salisbury, England

Civilization: England

Style: Gothic

Significance: Bishop Richard Poore petitioned the pope to relocate the church off the hilltop it originally was/ when relocated the the bishop established a new town, Salisbury

Name: Church of St. Elizabeth of Hungary (17-28)

Date: 1235-1283

Location: Marburg, Germany

Civilization: Germany/ Holy Roman Empire

Period: Gothic

Form: Hall Church

Builders: Built by the knights of the Teutonic Order

Significance: Hungarian Princess Elizabeth took care of the poor after the ruler she was to marry died.

Name: Old-New Synagogue (Altneuschul) (17-30)

Date: Late 13th Century

Location: Prague, Bohemia (Czech Republic)

Civilization: Holy Roman Empire

Style: Gothic Hall Church

Two focal points the shrine for the Torah scrolls (aron) and a raised platform for reading them (bimah)

Men studied and worshiped in the main space women had to stay in the annexes on the north and west sides

Name: Frescos of the Sala Dei Nove (18-1 and pgs. 547-548)


Location: Palazzo Publico, Siena, Italy

Artist: Ambrogio Lorenzetti

Style: Fresco

Period: 14th Century Europe

Significance: A fresco painting that is an allegorical representation of good and bad government.

The Nine- a council that ruled Siena as an oligarchy commissioned Lorenzetti to paint these frescos for the council room known as the Sala Dei Nove (Chamber of the Nine)

Name: Visualizing Good Government/ Frescoes of the Sala Dei Nove
Name: Visualizing Good Government/ Frescos of the Sala Dei Nove

Name: The Campo and Plazzo Publico (18-14)

Date: 1297-1340

Location: Siena Italy

Period: 13th Century Europe

Purpose: The town hall

Significance: Frescos painted by Lorenzetti are here in the Sala dei Nove