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78 Cards in this Set

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Bacons Rebellion


· Indentured servants attacked Indians/ got mad bc they didn’t get whatthey were promised at the end of their indenture

· Caused increase in slavery because it demonstrated that slavery wasbetter because indentured servants were more trouble than they were worth

Diaz-->whered he go-->where was he from-->date


from Portugal

Rounds southern tip of Africa

Columbus ->whered he go-->where was he from-->date


from Spain

First to explore western hemisphere

de Gama


from Portugal

sea route to India via sailing around Africa




explores Newfoundland & Nova Scotia



from Spain

explores coast of south america



from Portugal

Portugal's claim on Brazil



from Spain

conquest of Aztecs



from Spain

circumnavigates the world



from Spain

conquest of Peru (the incas)



founded by Virginia Company

first permanent english colony

big on public punishment



Founded by pilgrims

Mayflower compact

Protestants(Predestined fate to heaven/hell) --> "Lowchurch”

V intolerant

Massachusetts Bay


founded by Mass Bay Co



families, kids, church=center of town

--> Ann Hutchinson & Williams (pay indians for land, separate church and state) thought they were being hypocritical --> Toldpuritans they believed in “doctrine ofworks”-->do works/acts in life thatdetermined fate, but puritans also claimed to have a predestined fate-->exiled

Ann HutchinsonMaryland


founded by lord baltimore


rhode island


roger williams

religious toleration



thomas hooker

fundamental orders of connecticut

new york


founded by Duke of York

under dutch control as new amsterdam from 1621-64



founded by William Penn




founded by Oglethorpe

buffer against Spanish Florida

Ann Hutchinson

Mass Bay

c. 1630

thought puritans were being hypocritical bc of doctrine of works

Halfway covenant

1662- Churchmembership declined --> offered half a$$ way to join church

Puritanism declinedfairly quickly

(mass bay)

French and Indian War

seven years war


BRITAIN v. French & Ind

french & indians = allied

Switch fromFrench land to British ·

Indiansbecome dependent upon British empire Indians loseability to play European powers against each other :/


puritan beliefs that stressed god's gift of salvation and minimized what an individual could do to gain salvation

anne hutch!!

First Great Awakening

1730s & 1740s

George Whitefield

Jonathan Edwards

religious pluralism

all Protestant denominations were legitamate

do ya thang!

great migration


helllla ppl came to New england & puritans esp. (in mass bay)

joint-stock company

these companies funded overseas expeditions, ex = Jamestown, New Amsterdam

who funded New Amsterdam

Dutch West India Company


economic policy that help that the strength of a nation=based on amount of silver and gold it had

trade generates wealth


middle passage

sea route for slaves from west coast of africa to western hemisphere

puritans (word origin)

wanted to purify church of england

triangular trade

new england shipped rum to west coast of africa for slaves which were sent to west indies for molasses that was sold in new England

name 3 reasons for the start of the american reovlution

1. british empire racking up war debts --> increased taxes on colonies

2. western land issues (pontiac's rebellion, proclamation line)

3. exercising greater control in colonies

pontiac's rebellion


(prophet=neolin)(newabout this revolution: all Native Americans should unite VS colonies,pan-Indian identity) forces British to draw line

proclamation line


banned all settlement past Appalachian Mountains

example of british tryna exercise greater control in colonies

townshend acts

sugar/stamp/currecy acts

quartering act

Sugar Act


stricter enforcement on trade regulations

currency act


colonies prohibited from issuing paper money

stamp act & colonial reaction


tax on printed materials/documents

reaction=virginia resolves, stamp act congress, sons of liberty

quartering act


colonies had to provide houses for british troops

townshend acts & reaction


external taxes on colonial imports

reaction=non-importation agreements, Letters of a Farmer in Penn.

tea act & reaction


monopoly for east india company for tea sold in colonies

reaction=boston tea party

coercive acts/intolerable acts & reaction


british response to boston tea party

Gave additional power to British appointed leaders in thecoloniesIncreased military presence in Boston Gave military officers right to forcibly quarter theirsoldiers in citizen’s housesColonies view this as excessive act of aggression

convinced america 2 BE FREE

Quebec Act

· Response to Boston tea party · Expanded Quebec’s border into Ohio River Valley· Grants toleration of Catholicismànotpopular because of fear/bigotry with Catholicism

Continental Congress

· Response to intolerable acts · 1774, Philly· Key colonial leaders met· Preparing for war

· Approved “Suffolk Resolves” (withhold taxes, prepare forwar)o boycott of British goods

“Suffolk Resolves”

(withhold taxes, prepare for war) boycott of British goods

Committees of Safety

· Against ethics of liberty· Crucial for revolution to have non-elites · Enforce boycott, act on the ground · Power of local committee, not official appointed government· Broader political participation allowed (non elites)

time of american rev.

Second Continental Congress

· First CC promised that their colonial demands weren’t met,they’d meet againàso theydid· 1775 · During times where British soldiers were fightingMassachusetts colonists· Decided to create American army · Printed money so that they could pay for it· Appoints George Washington as leader · Still not yetdeclaring independence

SouthCarolina Regulators

· Wealthywestern farmers who want better representation · Regulateland titles· Want moregovernment on the periphery to establish law and order

NorthCarolina Regulators

· Smallfarmers· Much moreradical· Refuse topay taxes, kidnap local officials, disrupt court proceedings · Saw colonialgovernment as corrupt, benefitting wealthy so they also want a much morerepresentational government that benefitting them more · 8,000farmers · Suppressedby militia in 1771 · Worrisome toelite

revolution v. war for independence

Revolution:· Social/politicalhierarchy that gets overthrown/flipped upside-down

Warof Independence: · Leave socialpyramid intact except for British elite/tip top of pyramid

boston massacre


Britishsoldiers were stationed in Boston to make sure ships didn’t violate traderegulations. Snowball fight (Bostonians vs. soldiers-àarmed confrontation) kills 5 Bostonians. Judge took the sideof the soldiers because he was an elitist. Defended by John Adams who isconcerned with the unruly lower class. Paul Revere produces propaganda pieceportraying it as cold-blooded massacre, which shifts public perception ofBritish.

concord & lexington

· Two battles//towns that marked major physical violence of American Revolution· April 19 1775· British had wanted to take weapons from Americans who werefighting · e· Trying to seize weapons · Push for independence not like sgooo

Continental Association

1774 · Authorized by CC· Call for total boycott, become economically independent· Largely enforced (except for NY)

olive branch petition


adopted by the Second Continental Congress

bunker hill



treaty f alliance


The Treaty of Alliance with France: Franco-AmericanTreaty, was the defensive alliance between France and the United States of America, formed in the midst of the American Revolutionary War, which promised military support in case of attack by British forces indefinitely into the future.

treaty of paris


ended the American Revolutionary War.

land ordinance of 1785

· Regulated land sales in the region north of the Ohio River,which came to be known as the Old Northwest.· Land would be sold at $1/acre in 640-acre lots.-->but noone person had $640 just to spend· Land gets bought up by land companies & speculatorsàthen sold off in smaller parts · Essentially government giving people (land companies, etc)help who didn’t necessarily need it even though it makes land more accessibleeventually

northwest ordinance


· Calls for3-5 new states · Slavery isbanned in these states, but people bring slaves over and pretend it wasvoluntary · Had to haveconsent from Native Americans to take their land/purchase it

Shay’s rebellion

· 1786

Takes placein Massachusetts· Debt- riddenfarmers who don’t want their land taken away because they haven’t paid theirdebts · Eventually stopped by the state militia


those who stayed loyal to britain in american revolution

natural rights

enlightenment=yaas natural rights

governemnt shouldnt be able to violate


virtual representation

americans didnt feel represented in parliament, britain argued that they were because members of parliament represented all engishmen in the empire

whig ideology

idea that concentrated power leads to corruption

how did constitution set up government

legislative (congress)

executive (VP and P)

judicial branch (supreme court)


· Rural areasclosely tied to commercial marketplaces · Urbanartisans, laborers, sailors all seek strongereconomy through strong federal state · Substantialproperty holders More organized, coherent, agree on the samethings

hamilton's economic plan (pro national debt)

Anti Federalists

· State levelpoliticians fearing loss of prestige · Sam Adams,John Hancock, Patrick Henry· Opponents/proponentsof slavery who either feared the constitution protected slavery too much or toolittle · Those whofeared merchant/creditor domination · Small farmersin rural areas · Democraticgovernment works best on a small/local scale· Nationalgovernment would be inherently less representative · Lacked Billof Rights · Small,backwoods farmers Conflicting viewsLoosely organized

virginia plan

was a proposal by Virginia delegates for a bicameral legislative branch.



3/5 compromise


how to count slaves?! (south=yes count them so theyd get more representation, north=no)

blacks=3/5 person's representation

federalist papers

85 articles


Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay promoting the ratification of the United States Constitution.

bill of rights

first 10 amendments

freedom of speech, press, religionthe right to bear arms, and protection againstunjust criminal procedures

presentedto congress by Madison and ratified by the states in 1791.

concrete version of unalienable rights

bank of the united states

The Bank of the United States was a part ofHamilton’s 5 point economic plan for the country and was modeled after the Bankof England. It was a private corporation, not a branch of government, whichwould hold public fund, issue currency, and make loans to the government whennecessary, as well as giving some profit to its stockholders


whiskey rebellion

The Whiskey Rebellion took place in 1794 and reinforced theFederalist’s ideas that democracy and freedom shouldn’t be kept in the hands ofordinary citizens. The Whiskey Rebellion was when backcountry Pennsylvaniafarmers sought to block collection of the next tax on distilled spirits.

jay's treaty

Jay’s Treaty: Jay’s Treaty was created by John Jay, chiefjustice at the time, and was created after the British seized hundreds ofAmerican ships trading with the French West Indies and kidnapped soldiers toserve in their navy (impressment). Jay’s Treaty was negotiated in 1794 andresulted in Britain agreeing to abandon outposts on the western frontier (whichit was supposed to do in 1783). The United States agreed to favor treatment toBritish imported goods, which cancelled the American-French alliance andrecognized British naval and economic supremacy. The effect that Jay’s Treaty had is that itoutlined political divisions in the US and led directly to the formation of anorganized opposition party.

XYZ affair

1797, when the United States had claimed the right to tradenonmilitary goods with both Britain and France, but both countries seizedAmerican ships with impunity. In 1797 American diplomats went to Paris tonegotiate a treaty, but the French officials demanded bribes beforenegotiations took place. This ruined the former alliance, yet peace wasnegotiated in 1800. The ‘XYZ’ aspect refers to how Adams substituted theletters for French diplomats’ names.

alien and sedition acts


Adams administration

caused by the federalists wanting to silence their critics withinpamphlets and literary works. There was a Naturalization Act that extended therequirement for immigrants who wanted to become American citizens. The Alienact allowed the deportation of persons from abroad deemed dangerous by federalauthorities and the Sedition Act, set to expire in 1801, authorized theprosecution of any public assembly/publication that was critical of thegovernment.

kentucky & virginia resolutions

The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions took place whenMadison and Jefferson drafted up resolutions that opposed the Sedition Act,which they believed was unconstitutional. Virginia and Kentucky both adoptedthese resolutions, which called on the courts to defend the constitutionalrights set forth before.

election of 1800

outcome in part due to 3/5

John Adams v. Jefferson

Adams would have won if slaves hadnt been counted