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17 Cards in this Set

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Freedman's Bureau

Created to aid newly emancipated slaves by providing food, clothing, medical care, education, and legal support

"10 percent" Reconstruction plan

A state should be readmitted to the Union once ten percent of its voters had pledged loyalty to the United States and promised to honor emancipation

Wade - Davis Bill

Passed by congressional Republicans in response to the "10 percent plan", it required that 50 percent of a state's voters pledge allegiance to the Union, and set stronger safeguards for emancipation

Black Codes

Laws passed throughout the South to restrict the rights of emancipated blacks, particularly with respect to negotiating labor contracts

Pacific Railroad Act

Helped to fund the construction of the Union Pacific Transcontinental Railroad with the use of land grants and government bonds

Civil Rights Bill

Passed over Andrew Johnson's veto, the bill aimed to counteract the Black Codes by conferring citizenship on African Americans and making it a crime to deprive blacks of their rights to sue, testify in court, or hold property

Fourteenth Amendment

Constitutional amendment that extended civil rights to freedom and prohibited states from taking away such rights without due process

Reconstruction Act

Passed by the newly elected Republican Congress, it divided the South into five military districts, disenfranchised former Confederates, and required that Southern states both ratify the Fourteenth Amendment and write state constitutions guaranteeing Freedmen the franchise before gaining readmission to the Union

Ex parte Milligan

Civil War Era case in which the Supreme Court ruled that military tribunals could not be used to try civilians if civil courts were open

Redeemers

Southern Democratic politicians who sought to wrest control from Republican regimes in the South after Reconstruction

Woman's Loyalty League

Women's organization formed to help bring about an end to the Civil War and encourage Congress to pass a constitutional amendment prohibiting slavery

Union League

Reconstruction-Era African American organization that worked to educate Southern blacks

Scalawags

Derogatory term for pro-Union Southerners whom Southern Democrats accused of plundering the resources of the South in collusion with Republican governments after the Civil War

Carpetbaggers

Pejorative used by Southern whites to describe Northern businessmen and politicians who came to the South after the Civil War to work on Reconstruction projects or invest in Southern infrastructure

Ku Klux Klan

An extremist, paramilitary, right-wing secret society that was anti: foreign, black, Jewish, pacifist, Communist, internationalist, evolutionist, bootlegger. Pro: Anglo-Saxon & Protestant. Disenfranchised all Southern blacks.

Force Acts

Banned clan membership (due to KKK)

Tenure of Office Act

Required the President to seek approval from the Senate before removing appointees