• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Prester John
Legend that told of a leader that ruled over a christian kingdom in the orient
The Travels of John Mandeville
An account of a man who traveled all around the known world
Marco Polo
The famous explorer that introduced Europeans to Central Asia and China.
God Glory and Gold
The three reasons for exploration or traveling to the new world
The maps made by 14th and 15th century explorers. Depicted coastlines and harbors realistically
Ptolemy's Geography
A book that discussed the geography of the greco-roman world.
lateen sails and square rigs
Triangle shaped sail that made turning easier; big square sails that made ship go faster
A tool that had a magnetic needle which would always point north.
Used to measure a ships latitude when at sea.
Prince Henry the Navigator
Was a patron of navigators and charted many maps himself.
the Gold Coast
A British colony on the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa
Bartholomeu Dias
He was the first European to sail around the southern tip of Africa.
Vasco de Gama and Calicut
One of the first people to sail directly from Europe to India. Calicut was the first city he arrived in.
Alfonso de Albuquerque
Wanted to close all Indian naval passages, giving only Portugal access.
The third smallest Malaysian state.
Spice Islands
A group of Asian provinces known to have spices
Christopher Columbus
First European to arrive in America
John Cabot
The second European to arrive in America
Vasco Nunez de Balboa
Made the first European settlement on the American mainland in modern day Columbia.
Ferdinand Magellan
The first man to circumnavigate the glove, although he died during the voyage.
Treaty of Tordestillas
Divided the newly discovered lands outside Europe between Spain and Europe
Hernan Cortés
Led a Spanish expedition against the Aztec empire, which led to its fall
The leading of the Aztec empire when it was conquered by the Spanish.
the Aztecs
A nation that existed in South America, but was conquered by the Spanish.
The capital of the Aztec empire
the Inca
Another empire that grew in south america, just north of aztecs.
The last "sovereign emperor" of the Inca empire
Fransisco Pizarro
A Spanish conquistador who conquered the Inca empire.
A person would get a certain number of natives to protect and teach Spanish and catholocism
the viceroy
a royal official who runs a country, colony, or province
A Spanish court
The Dutch word for farmer
A large African trading city
slave trade and the middle passage
The transport of African people, forcibly, to the New World
the triangular trade
The trade of slaves to New World and goods from New World
"sugar factories"
Slaves used to harvest sugar to send back to Europe
Dutch East India Company
The first multinational company and the first to issue stock, negotiated trade between Asia and Europe.
A massive ship that was wrecked on its maiden voyage, and had a mutiny.
Mughal Empire
Ruled most of Indian subcontinent and South Asia
British East India Company
Traded with East Indies, then went to Indian subcontinent and China.
Samuel de Champlain
A french navigator who founded Quebec city in 1603
the asiento
Gave other countries permission to sell slaves in Spanish colonies.
The rise of the price of goods.
joint-stock trading companies
Buy stock with money. Free to do what you want with stock.
House of Fugger
A powerful banking family in Germany, lost vast wealth tied in Habsburg family.
The wealth of a nation is based on its capital, which is based on its amount of bullion (gold, silver, etc.)
People combined with Native American and European ancestries.
People combined with African and European ancestries.
the Columbian Exchange
A massive exchanged of human, animal, ideas, and other goods between the eastern and western hemispheres.
Gerardus Mercator
Famous for his world map, the Mercator.