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72 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back


the general character or attitude of a place, piece of writing, situation, etc.


the accent, inflection, intonation, and speech-sound quality manifested by an individual speaker, usually judged in terms of prevailing standards of acceptability; enunciation.


the study of the rules for the formation of grammatical sentences in a language. The study of the patterns of formation of sentences and phrases from words.


the science that investigates the principles governing correct orreliable inference.


the study of the way the sentences of a language are constructed; morphology and syntax.


the combining of the constituent elements of separate material or abstract entities into a single or unified entity (opposed to analysis) the separating of any material or

abstract entity into its constituent elements.


a card game for two or more persons that is played with a 52-cardpack, the object being to take the largest number of tricks consistingof four cards of the same denomination.

Subordination &


harmonious combination or interaction, as of functions or parts; the condition of being subordinated, or made dependent, secondary,or subservient

Levels of diction
There are at least four levels of diction: formal, informal, colloquial, and slang
Periodic or Cumulative Structure
a condition in which different elements are equal or in the correct proportions; ikely to be stated in general or abstract or plural terms. With the main clause stated, the forward movement of the sentence stops, the writer shifts down to the lower level of generalization or abstraction or to singular terms, and goes back over the same ground at this lower level.

Parallelism and Balance

the use of successive verbal constructions in poetry or prose that correspond in grammatical structure, sound, meter, meaning, etc; a condition in which different elements are equal or in the correct proportions.


a short and amusing or interesting story about a real incident or person


a word or phrase used to describe a thing or to express a concept, especially in a particular kind of language or branch of study

Active voice

a sentence where the subject performs the action stated by the verb

Passive voice

the subject is acted upon by the verb

The naphora

repetition of a word or words at the beginning of two or more successive verses, clauses, or sentences.


reversal of the usual or natural order of words; apstrophe


the rational principle that governs and develops the universe.


an oral disagreement; verbal opposition; contention; altercation


an instance of a form of reasoning in which a conclusion is drawn (whether validly or not) from two given or assumed propositions


the state of two things that are directly opposite to each other


a short phrase that expresses a true or wise idea

Rhetorical question

a question that you ask without expecting an answer

Balanced sentence

a sentence that employs parallel structure of approximately the same length and importance

Cumulative sentence

begins with a main clause that is followed by phrases and/or clauses that modify the main clause. These phrases or clauses add information to the main or independent clause.

Periodic sentence

a stylistic device employed at the sentence level, described as one that is not complete grammatically or semantically before the final clause or phrase.


the use of successive verbal constructions in poetry or prose that correspond in grammatical structure, sound, meter, meaning, etc


a logical process in which multiple premises, all believed true or found true most of the time, are combined to obtain a specific conclusion


be entitled to a particular benefit or privilege by fulfilling a necessary condition


the use of ambiguous language to conceal the truth or to avoid committing oneself; prevarication

The Man

(of an argument or reaction) directed against a person rather than the position they are maintaining.

Faulty Causality

mistaken assumption that because one event follows another, the first event caused the second

It does not follow

when the evidence presented doesn't logically support its claim

Hasty Generalization

Broad generalizations that lack sufficient evidence to back them up are fallacies

Begging the question

Writers beg the question when they give a reason that is just a restatement of their claim

Either/ or Choice

inappropriately simplify a complex issue or (b) hide other possible solutions to the problem


inappropriately simplify a complex issue or (b) hide other possible solutions to the problem


the formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named


a phrase or opinion that is overused and betrays a lack of original thought.


the use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people's stupidity or vices, particularly in the context of contemporary politics and other topical issues.


an imitation of the style of a particular writer, artist, or genre with deliberate exaggeration for comic effect


of, relating to, or denoting a case of nouns and pronouns used for the subject of a sentence.


taking words in their usual or most basic sense without metaphor or allegory.


the literal or primary meaning of a word, in contrast to the feelings or ideas that the word suggests.

Cause and effect

the principle of causation.


the action or process of classifying something according to shared qualities or characteristics.


the degree of distinctness in outline of an object, image, or sound, especially of an image in a photograph or on a screen.

Process Analysis

An operation is composed of processes designed to add value by transforming inputs into useful outputs


the formation of the comparative and superlative forms of adjectives and adverbs.


a comparison between two things, typically on the basis of their structure and for the purpose of explanation or clarification.


the action or process of narrating a story.


a comprehensive description and explanation of an idea or theory.


a spoken or written representation or account of a person, object, or event.


comparison not using like or as


comparison using like or as


comparison to something outside the text


an address


exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.


the expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect.


the presentation of something as being smaller, worse, or less important than it actually is.


a seemingly absurd or self-contradictory statement or proposition that when investigated or explained may prove to be well founded or true.


an adjective or descriptive phrase expressing a quality characteristic of the person or thing mentioned.


a mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing.


a pithy observation that contains a general truth, such as, “if it ain't broke, don't fix it.”


a pithy saying or remark expressing an idea in a clever and amusing way.
the state of being strikingly different from something else, typically something in juxtaposition or close association.


the quality or power in an actual life in literature,music, speech


the moral element in dramatic literature that determines a character's action rather than his or her thought or emotion.
of, relating to, or denoting a case of nouns and pronouns used as the object of a transitive verb or a preposition.
departing from a literal use of words; metaphorical.
a word or phrase, especially an adjective, used to attribute a quality to another word, especially a noun
a logical process in which a conclusion is based on the concordance of multiple premises that are generally assumed to be true