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43 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Thalamus - Top of brainstem, above Ret. Form. , sensory switchboard

Cerebellum - Back/bottom of brain, coordinates movement output and balance

Limbic System - Below cerebral hemispheres; associated with emotions and drive; includes hippocampus, amygdala, and hypothalamus.

Hippocampus - Borders cerebellum to northwest; Processes memory

Amydala - Left of hippocampus and above Thalamus; influences aggression and fear

Hypothalamus - Left of thalamus; Directs maintenance activities (eating/drinking/body temp.) and governs the endocrine system

Dopamine - Nuerotransmitter released in response to reward centers being triggered

Cerebral Cortex - Ultimate control and info. processing network

Glial Cells - Cells that support, nourish, and protect neurons in the nervous system

Frontal Lobes - Speaking, muscle movements, and planning+judgement

Parietal Lobes - Sensory input for touch and body position

Occipital Lobes - Receive info. from visual fields

Temperal Lobes - Auditory area, receive info. from opposite ears

Motor Cortex - Rear of Frontal Lobes, Controls voluntary movements

Neural Prosthetics - Placing electrodes in the neural cortex to predict thoughts, and furthermore, to affect their movements

Sensory Cortex - Front of the Parietal Lobes; Sends the motor cortex messages

Association Areas - Areas involved in higher mental functions (learning/remembering/thinking)

Aphasia - Impaired use of language, usually by damage to the left-hemisphere (to Broca's area *speaking* or Wernicke's Area *understanding*)

Broca's Area - Frontal Lobe, damage here disrupts speaking

Wernicke's Area - Left temporal lobe; Damage here results in meaningless speech and understanding

Angular Gyrus - Temporal/parietal lobe; Damage here allows people to read and understand, but not speak aloud (transform the message to speech)

Plasticity - Ability of the brain to modify after damage

Constraint Induced Therapy - Restricting functioning limbs to force bad limbs to move

Nuerogenesis - Formation of new neurons

Corpus Callosum - Neural fibers connecting the brain hemispheres

Consciousness - Awareness of ourselves and the environment

Cognitive Neuroscience - Brain activity linked with Cognition (perception/thinking/memory)

Dual Processing - Principle that info. is simultaneously processed on separate conscious and un-conscious tracks

Behavior Genetics - The study of the relative power and limits of genetic and environmental influences on behavior

Environment - Every non-genetic influence, from pre-natal nutrition to the people and things around us

Chromosomes - Thread-like structures made of DNA molecules that contain the genes

DNA - A complex molecule containing the genetic info. that makes up the chromosomes

Genes - Biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosomes; segments of DNA capable of synthesizing a protein.

Genome - Complete instructions for making an organism consisting of all the genetic material in that organism's chromosomes.

Identical Twins - Twins who develop from a single fertilized egg that splits in two, creating two genetically identical organisms

Fraternal Twins - Twins who develop from separate fertilized eggs/ No closer than brother or sister, just share a fetal environment

Heritability - Proportion of variation among individuals that we can attribute to genes.

Interaction - Interplay that occurs when the effect of one factor (such as the environment) depends on another factor (such as heredity)

Molecular Genetics - Subfield of biology that studies the molecular structure and function of genes

Evolutionary Psychology - Study of the evolution of behavior and the mind, using principles of natural selection

Natural Selection - Theory in which among inherited traits, those who lead to increased reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations

Mutation - Random error in gene replication that leads to a change