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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
20th amendment
sets start and end date of the presidential term (Jan. 20)
12th amendment
provides procedure for electing president and VP (on the same ticket)
25th amendment
president, VP, speaker of House, Pres. ProTem, Cabinet chairs
22nd amendment
limits president to 2 terms or 10 years in office
veto powers
line item- veto only specific parts of the bill
pocket veto- when Congress in adjournig in 10 days, don't veto or sign bill and it will die
privatizing bureaucratic services
would cut back on bureaucracies' power and decrease govt. spending
methods by which President controls bureaucracy
appoint right people to head the agency, issue exec. orders, tinker with agency's budget, officially recognize an agency
largest government corporations
USPS; govt. corps. provide services for free that could be provided by private sectors and typically charge for them
executive agreements
agreements added to negotiated treaties with the heads of foreign govts. that do NOT require Senate ratification
bureaucratic theories- Weberian model
hierarchial authority structure; uses task specialization, develops extensive rules, operates on merit principle, behaves with impersonality
patronage and merit principle
patronage- positions given for political reasons rather than merit
merit- hiring based on entrance exams and promote talent and skill
myths about bureaucracies
1. Americans dislike them
2. They are getting bigger!
3. Most of them work in DC
4. They are ineffective and inefficient
bully pulpit
imply that presidents can persuade or even mobilize the public to support their policies if they are skilled communicators
War Powers Act
requires pres. to consult with Congress before using military force; mandated withdrawal of forces after 60 days unless Congress declares war; Congress can pass concurrent resolution ending US participation in hostilities
President's constitutional powers
makes treaties, nominates ambassadors; state of the union, veto; grant pardons, nominate judges
House brings impeachment charges (bribery, treason), Senate conducts trial; need 2/3 vote
Two Presidencies
domestic policy, foreign policy
media coverage of pres.
media looks to the party as a party leader, often citing his views on policy and covering his interactions with Congress
approval rating, why does it go up and down?
up- honeymoon period, good economy, times of crisis
down- bad economy, war
electoral mandate
voters strongly support the president's character and policies and it adds legitimacy and credibility to the president's proposals
Pendleton Act
created a federal civil service so that hiring would be based on merit rather than patronage
Hatch Act
prohibited government employees from active participation in partisan politics
National Security Council
coordinates president's foreign and military political advisors
informal powers of President
executive agreements, access to media/bully pulpit, meet with world leaders, global leader
executive privelege (US v. Nixon)
doctrine of executive privilege (pres. can deny requests of other branches for info/docs) IS in the Constitution, but could not be extended to protect docs in criminal prosecutions
presidential coattails
voters cast ballots for congressional candidates of the president's party because they support the pres.
parts of the Iron Triangle
bureaucracy, interest groups/ PACS, congressional committees
President's problems in making appointments in a divided govt. (6)
narrow field of candidates, offices go unfilled, more frequent attacks on nominees, greater ideological conflict, very tough committee scrutiny, harder to get Senate approval
President's solutions to making appointments in a divided govt. (9)
use the media to generate public support (bully pulpit), compromise on choices, build coalitions in Congress, make deals (threaten to veto), gain support of interest groups, interim recess appointments, select minority candidates, honeymoon period, presidential mandate