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20 Cards in this Set

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What are the 7 large chemicals?

Fats, Minerals, Water, Fibre, Protein, Vitamins, and Carbohydrates

What are carbohydrates made from?

A long chain of sugar molecules

How do you do you release sugar from carbohydrates?

Chemically

What is ingestion?

The taking in of substances into the body through the mouth.

What is excretion?

The passing out of food that hasn't been digested, as feces, through the anus.

What is the entry point of the digestion system?

Mouth

What is the exit point of the digestion system?

Anus

What is digestion?

Digestion is the process of breaking down large, insoluble food molecules using chemical and physical processes.

How long is the digestive system?

9 meters

Name the parts of the digestive system.

Mouth, salivary glands, oesophagus, liver, stomach, gallbladder, pancreas, large intestine, small intestine, appendix, rectum, and the anus.

What are the 4 types of teeth?

Premolar, canine, incisor, molar.

What are the 2 sections of the tooth?

The crown and the root.

What are the parts of the crown?

Enamel, dentine, pulp, and the gum.

What are the parts of the root?

Cementum, bone, blood vessels, and nerves.

What are canines?

The sharp, pointed teeth which are used to bite and tear food.

What are incisors?

Small, rectangular shaped teeth used for cutting food.

What are premolars?

Found behind the canines and are used to grind soft food.

What are molars?

Found behind the premolars and are used to grind hard food.

What does saliva do?

It softens the food and allows the digested food to be rolled into a ball before it's swallowed and contains an enzyme to speed up the chemical reactions.

What are the three main food groups?

Fats, Carbohydrates, and Fats.