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48 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Higher Law/Natural Law
Born rights
Ruled by one
No Formal Government
Ruled by few
Direct democracy
People vote on everything
Representative democracy
Vote for reps that vote for everything
Prisoners' dilemma
Worried about other states cutting trades with England and just fucking everyone over and shit
Mooching off not paying taxes for free public goods
Principal-agent problem
Trying to get Agents to do shit for us

Principal is the consumer
agents are the producer
Popular sovereignty
Government is subject to the will of the people
agenda setting
Getting your plan talked about
Seven tests of Pluralism
1.government decisions are made by elected officials (representative democracy)

2. Officials are elected in frequently and fairly conducted elections (elected often)

3. Everyone can vote (Everyone can vote)

4. Anyone can run for office (anyone can run for office)

5. Citizens have the right to express themselves without danger of severe punishment on political matters broadly defined, including criticism of officials, the government, the regime, the socioeconomic order, and the prevailing ideology. (freedom of speech)

6. Citizens have a right to seek alternative sources of information and alternative sources of information exist and are protected by law (Right to look for independent sources of information protected by the (freedom of the press))

7. Right to form political groups and organizations (Right to form political groups and organizations)
Governement has total power (Nazis)
Governement power is SOMEWHAT checked by institutions
wealthy holds power
Religious groups hold power
Decisions are made through Reps elected by the people
Collective action
Efforts of a group of people working for a common goooooooaaaaaaaaal (soccer voice)
For the Constitution
(Rich People)
Against the Constitution
(Small farm owners and normal people)
bicameral legislature
2 houses (House and senate)
The Annapolis Convention
First convention that calls the next convention to be held which is the constitutional convention
Virginia Plan
Plan for the new government by James Madison (agenda setting)

Plan is to have bicameral legislature with split power between the national government and the states
New Jersey Plan
Gave the national government the power to tax, enforce laws, and for states to be represented equally.
The great compromise
2 houses
Upper-senate apportioned equally (2 seats per state) elected for 6 years 1/3 elected every 2 years

Lower-House of reps apportioned by population re-elected every 2 years
Shay's Rebellion
Massachusetts - Petitioned the state to help pay back debts after currency fails. state says fuck that and the BOOM...shit hits the fan (State can't retaliat because they can't tax to pay for resistance)
Vote Trading in the government
Tyranny of the majority
Solution: Representative Democracy

Worried that the small business owners and farmers would control the government due to majority
3/5ths compromise
Slaves count as 3/5ths of a person
Checks and balances
Each branch of the government can restrict other branches to ensure equal power
Separation of power (each branch's powers)

Legislative - 6
Executive - 6
Judicial - 2
Legislative Branch
1. Coin money, borrow money
2. Trade with states and nations
3. Declare war and build army
4. Power of the Court
5. Federal Land
6. Admit New States

Executive Branch
-President and his people
1. Commander in Chief
2. Appoint and accept ambassadors
3. Negotiate Treaty with senate approval
4. Grant pardons
5. Veto (can be over ridden with 2/3 vote)

1. Appoint Justices to the Supreme Court
2. Judicial Review (declare something unconstitutional)
Necessary and Proper Clause
Congress can pass any law they seem needed
10th Amendment
Any power not given in the constitution will lie with individual states
Electoral College
Approved by both population and senate

Elects the president
Amending the Constitution
Proposing and Ratifying
propose amendment (2 ways)
1. Both houses have 2/3 vote
2. National Convention called by 2/3 state reps

Ratification (2 ways)
1. 3/4 state Legislature
2 Convention in 3/4 states
having different views
The republican remedy to Faction
Representative democracy
State power
political system in which power is divided between the central and regional units
Dual Federalism
Federal system under which the national and state government are responsible for a separate policy areas
unitary system
government in which all power is centralized
confederal system
government in which local units hold all the power
Cooperative federalism
Federal system under which national and state gov share responsibilities for most domestic policy areas
Unfunded mandate
Fed. order mandating that states operate and pay for a program created at a national level.
Transfer of powers and responsibilities from the fed government to the states
Categorical grant
Fed funds provide for specific purpose restricted by detailed instructions regulations and compliance standards
Block Grants
Fed funds provided for broad purpose unrestricted by detailed requirements and regulations
Group of people united for a common passion or interest posing the rights of other people