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14 Cards in this Set

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aggression

Behaviour intended to harm another individual.

catharsis

A reduction of the motive to aggress that is said to result from any imagined, observed, or actual act of aggression.

cultivation

The process by which the mass media (particularly television) constructs a version of social reality for the public.

cycle of violence

The transmission of domestic violence across generations.

desensitization

Reduction in emotion-related physiological reactivity in response to a stimulus.

displacement

Aggressing against a substitute target because aggressive acts against the source of frustration are inhibited by fear or lack of access.

frustration-aggression hypothesis

The idea that (1) frustration always elicits the motive to aggress and (2) all aggression is caused by frustration.

hostile attribution bias

The tendency to perceive hostile intent in others.

pornography

Explicit sexual material.

proactive aggression

Aggressive behaviour whereby harm is inflicted as means to a desired end (also called instrumental aggression)

reactive aggression

Aggressive behaviour where the means and the end coincide; harm is inflicted for its own sake.

rumination

In the context of aggression, rumination involves repeatedly thinking about and reliving an anger-inducing event, focusing on angry thoughts and feelings, and perhaps even planning or imagining revenge.

social learning theory

The theory that behaviour is learned through the observation of others as well as through the direct experience of rewards and punishments.

weapons effect

The tendency that the likelihood of aggression will increase by the mere presence of weapons.