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28 Cards in this Set

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Abnormal behavior
psychological dysfunction with in an individual that's associated with distress or impairment in functioning and a response that's not typical
Psychological dysfunction
breakdown in cognitive, emotional, or behavioral functioning
Distress
if individual is extremely upset
Atypical behavior
not culturally or socially expected, odd behaviors, deviations from the norm of culture at the time. Violating social norms
Prevalence
number of people displaying a disorder in the total population at any given time.
Incidence
number of new cases of a disorder appearing during a specific period.
Etiology
cause or source of disorder
Presenting Problem
original complaint recorded by client to the the therapist. The actual treated problem may sometimes be a modification derived presenting problem
Mental Hygiene Movement
mid 19th century effort to improve care of mentally disordered by informing the public of their mistreatment.
--> Dorothea Dix
Psychoanalysis
psychoanalytic assessment and therapy, which emphasizes exploration of and insight into, unconscious processes and conflicts, pioneered by Sigmund Freud
Behaviorism
explanation of human behavior, including dysfunction, based on principles of learning and adaptation derived from experimental psychology
Humanism
people basically good, self actualization, unconditional positive regard. --> Carl Rogers
Abraham Mazlov's Hierarchy of Need
Most important---> Least
-Basic needs (survival)
-Safety needs (comfort)
-Psychological needs
-Self-actualization
-Peak Experiences
EGO
the physical entity responsible for finding realistic and practical ways to satisfy id drives. Operates according to reality principle. Characterized by logic and reason and are referred to as secondary processes.
ID
source of our strong sexual and aggressive feelings. Energy of id is the libido. death instinct is the thatatos. operates according to pleasure principle.
primary process
Super Ego
conscience, represents moral principles. counteracts the potentially dangerous aggressive and sexual drives of the id.
Defense Mechanism
unconscious protective process that keep primitive emotions associated with conflicts in check so that ego can continue its coordinating function.
Denial
refuse to acknowledge some aspect of objective reality or subjective experience thats apparent to others.
Displacement
transfers a feeling about, or a response to, an object that causes discomfort onto another, usually less-threatening, object or person.
Projection
falsely attributes own unacceptable feelings, impulses, or thoughts to another individual or object.
Rationalization
conceals true motivation for actions, thoughts or feelings through reassuring or self serving but incorrect explanations.
Reaction formation
substitutes behaviors, thoughts, or feelings, that are the direct opposite of acceptable ones.
Repression
blocks disturbing thoughts, wishes or experiences from conscious awareness
Sublimation
directs potentially maladaptive feelings or impulses into socially acceptable behavior.
Operant conditioning
responses are modified by their consequences
Reinforcement
consequences for behavior that strengthen it or increase its frequency
Positive reinforcement
involves contingent delivery of desired consequences
Negative reinforcement
contingent escape from an aversive consequences