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31 Cards in this Set

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zoetrope

spinning circle with slits that would produce moving images (woman in black-esque)

praxinosocope

similar to zoetropes, but has mirror

Magic Lantern

praxinoscope's successor

August and Louis Lumiere

first filmmakers in history

"Actualities"

-30 seconds of life action


-no editing, 1 shot= 1 clip


Beginning of motion pictures (year)

1895, in Grand Cafe, Paris by the Lumieres

George Melies

-"A Trip to the Moon"


-Constructed scenes, not shots (theatre style)

Edwin Porter

-"The Great Train Robbery"


-introduced parallel editing

D.W. Griffith (3 things)

-"Birth of a Nation"


-Biograph studios


-developed basic methods of continuity editing

German Expressionism

-appeared in cinema 1920


-skewed


-anti realist


-built sets


-stylized lighting etc.

3 key expressionism movies

-Metropolis


-Woman in the Moon


-The Nibelungen

F.W. Murnau

Directed:


-Nosferatu


-Faust


Last big expressionist movie

M (Fritz Lang), 1931

Lev Kuleshov

-invented Kuleshov effect


-found that editing determines the meaning of clips

Sergei Eisenstein

-Russian


-Directed Potemkin


-Used montage


-Wrote "Dickens, Griffith, and the Film Today"

Dialectical Montage

-editing based on contradictive qualities


-shots are factually "immutable" (incomplete on their own)

Carl Theodore Dryer

-Directed Passion of Joan of Arc


-Directed Vampyr


-opposed to mass production methods


-close ups


Jean Renior

-French


-Directed The Grand Illusion


-Directed Rules of the Game


-moving camera


-long takes

Pre War French Cinema

-Avante Garde


-Experimental


-Ballet Mechanical

French Sound Experimentation movie

Under the Roofs of Paris (1930)

French Golden Decade

Box office strength 2nd in the world, to US

French Poetic Realism

-focus on working class


-location shooting

Arrival of Sound

1927-1928

Vitaphone

-Warner Bros


-Sound on disk

First Talkie

-Jazz Singer (by Warner Bros)

MovieTones

Fox Film Corp.

Photophone

-RCA (later known as RKO)


-Used variable area soundtrack

Industry standard for audio

variable area soundtrack

Hollywood Studios After 1930

-Paramount


-MGM


-20th Century Fox


-Warner Bros


-RKO


-Universal


-Columbia


-United Artists

First movie censorship ordinance

Chicago 1907

Supreme Court decision on movies

1915, movies are excluded from free speech