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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which was not a principal task of the Freedmen’s Bureau (1865–1870)?
support black churches and businesses
What was being reconstructed (constructed again) in Reconstruction?
the nation
The Black Codes were:
laws that sought to regulate the lives of former slaves.
In consequence of the “Bargain of 1877” President Rutherford B. Hayes:
ordered federal troops to return to their barracks.
Which of the following was not a widespread activity among newly emancipated blacks?
moving to the North in search of greater freedom and opportunity
During Reconstruction, the black church functioned as a vital setting for:
all of the above
Which of the following series of events is listed in proper sequence?
ratification of Thirteenth Amendment; Tenure of Office Act; impeachment of Johnson; election of Grant
The Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution:
prohibited federal and state governments from denying any citizen the vote because of race.
As meant in the section on the free labor system, define “free labor”:
non-slave labor in a market economy
Which of the following was not a major effect of Reconstruction (at its height) upon southern society?
It inspired a mass exodus of southern blacks to lands that had never known slavery.
One of the main purposes of the Freedmen’s Bureau was to:
ensure a fair and viable system of labor relations between former slaves and former slaveholders.
In the summer of 1865, President Andrew Johnson ordered nearly all land in federal hands:
returned to its former owners.
Which were central elements in the lives of post-emancipation blacks in the twenty years following the end of the Civil War?
the family, the church, the school
In the aftermath of the Civil War, the black church was a powerful influence in the South; what two denominations commanded the largest African-American following?
Baptist and Methodist
Who among the following was not a leader of the Radical Republicans?
Andrew Johnson
In President Andrew Johnson’s view, African-Americans ought to play what part in Reconstruction?
The Enforcement Acts of 1870 and 1871:
defined crimes that deprived citizens of their civil and political rights as federal offenses, and under these laws President Grant sent federal marshals to arrest hundreds of accused Klansmen.
Which of the following was not a major cause of the decline of Reconstruction?
a deepening of mutual respect between black and white southerners, making Reconstruction seem no longer necessary
Which of the following was not a central thrust of the Reconstruction amendments to the Constitution?
redistribution of the former slave owners’ land among the freed slaves
The House of Representatives approved articles of impeachment against President Andrew Johnson for violation of what law?
The Tenure of Office Act
Radical Republicans in the Reconstruction Era shared the view that:
the Union victory created a golden opportunity to institutionalize the principal of equal rights for all, regardless of race.
allowed a black family to rent part of a plantation, with the crop divided between worker and owner at the end of the year.
Black Americans who refused to sign labor contracts to work for whites during Reconstruction:
were often convicted of vagrancy and fined; sometimes they were then auctioned off to work for the person who paid the fine.
The phrase, “forty acres and a mule,” derived from:
Sherman’s Field Order 15.
Following the Civil War, white and black farmers in the South:
saw the price of cotton fall steadily.
In which of the following nations was the institution of slavery replaced by indentured servitude?
British Guiana
“The destruction of slavery led feminists to search for ways to make the promise of free labor real for women.” Define “feminists” in this context:
persons who held a view advocating social, political, and other rights for women equal to those of men
Which was not true of Liberal Republicans in the post–Civil War era?
They believed the growth of federal power needed to be expanded.
The Reconstruction Act of March 1867:
divided the South into five military districts and called for creation of new state governments, with black men given the right to vote.
Upon Lincoln’s assassination, ____________ became president.
Andrew Johnson
In the five years following the end of the Civil War, former slaves were guaranteed the following in three Amendments to the United States Constitution:
freedom from slavery; recognition as citizens; the vote for adult black men