Urbanization in the Kurdistan Region Essay

2294 Words 10 Pages
CRAM Exclusive
Essay Sample
Introduction Urbanization: The process by which more and more people leave the countryside to live in cities (Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary). Sustainable development: The ability of an activity or development to continue in the long term without undermining that part of the environment which sustains it (Scottish Natural Heritage, 1993). The process of urbanization and the population growth across the world has been increasing over the last 40 years, and it is expected to

middle of document…

Air Pollution

One of the problems of urbanization within the KRG region is air pollution. One of the factors of air pollution is high number of cars and industries (Thisdell, D. 1993). The second factor is car and bus fumes, as they have old and inefficient engines and low quality petrol (Bilham-Boult, A., Blades, H., Hancock, J., Keeling, W. & Ridout, M. 1999). The reason for high numbers of cars is because of the immigration of the people to 3 main cities of Kurdistan, an increase in the population in these cities, causes a rise in the number of cars. Almost every house has a car in Erbil. However; there are people who are not well educated, each member in their family must have a car from the eldest to the youngest. So, the more there is cars the more humans are exposed to the polluted air. In addition, almost all the employees of governments' offices abuse the cars for their own personal purposes; they use these cars even in the night also this contributes to the pollution of the air. Another thing is that the KRG region has a very poor public transportation. Furthermore, not all of the people use public transportation because it is not so healthy most of the public transport vehicles are old and dirty. Also some people do not use it because of their mentality. Especially high class people never use buses because they cannot accept the idea to
CRAM Exclusive
Owl61935Paper

Related Documents

  • Essay China's Urbanization

    China's Urbanization With a population of 1.3 billion, China faces unprecedented urbanization challenges. The Chinese government, at various levels, strives to accelerate the urbanization process through city expansion and lowering the threshold for farmers to move into cities. Although urbanization is an inevitable consequence of modern economic development, this process has shown signs of "overheating." Hidden drawbacks, such as intensive pressures on employment and social security, and bubbles

    Words: 2161 - Pages: 9
  • Urbanization Essay

    Benefits and challenges of Urbanization SCI/275 University Of Phoenix In this paper I will be explaining the four factors that produce a change in the population as well as urbanization. Urbanization is moving from a rural area to a big city in hopes of better opportunity or employment along with many other benefits. Urbanization may seem like a good idea to those trying to better themselves but it has challenges in the city people

    Words: 1139 - Pages: 5
  • The White Tiger: Challenges of Urbanization Essay

    Indian novelist has shifted from rural to metro India, which is the living soul of the country. The problems of urbanization and the problems faced by the people of metro India find a powerful expression in Indian English fiction. Aravind Adiga’s debut novel The White Tiger published in 2008, and a winner of Booker Prize examines the issues of religion, caste, loyalty, corruption, urbanization and poverty in India. The novel besides receiving critical acclaim was also lambasted by some in India for giving

    Words: 3310 - Pages: 14
  • Point Paper Caucasus Region

    STRATEGIC ESTIMATE OF THE CAUCASUS REGION • Non-US/Multinational Policy Goals, include NATO expansion in size and influence). Relations with Russia. Create an independent Kurdish nation. • US Domestic Considerations are the oil pipeline through the Southern Caucasus Region and the Black Sea for trade access. • Ahurastan interests include having international recognition as a sovereign nation and they want 25% share of the offshore oil reserves of the Caspian Sea. • Non-State SAPA (South Azeri

    Words: 1063 - Pages: 5
  • The Comparisons Between Two Innovative Urbanizations; Mesoamerica and Sumer

    Sumer and Mesoamerica are primitive urbanizations that have independently developed in their religion, architecture, government, ect. and it makes each one unique. From the Tigris and Euphrates River in 3500 B.C.E., the place of Sumer had begun and has developed to what we know today as Iraq. Also, the place of Mexico, which begun along the Gulf Coast of Mexico in 3000 B.C.E. Both of these primary urbanizations are important to the world around us because it explains why and how the places interact

    Words: 1563 - Pages: 7
  • Kurdistan and the Pkk Essay

    Kurdistan is a region that has existed in turmoil and is the "never was" country. The Kurds are the fourth largest ethnic group of the Middle East, numbering between 20 and 25 million. Approximately 15 million live in the regions of Turkey, Iraq, Iran, and Syria, an area they called Kurdistan, yet they do not have a country of their own. Formal attempts to establish such a state were crushed by the larger and more powerful countries in the region after both world wars. When the Ottoman Empire

    Words: 1503 - Pages: 7
  • Essay on New England vs. the Chesapeake Region

    New England vs. the Chesapeake Region (DBQ) Settlers arrived to the Chesapeake region only to be greeted by unhealthy lands full of despair and labor. New Englanders, on the other hand, were welcomed by fresh air and clean water. As the years passed, the state of these two lands stabilized a bit with each other, but the people’s way of living in these regions did not. New England and the Chesapeake region developed differently because of the types of people who came to each of these places, the

    Words: 715 - Pages: 3
  • Water and Adaptation to Climate Change in the Arab Region Essay

    WATER AND ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN THE ARAB REGION Introduction Climate change (CC) refers to a change in the state of the climate that can be identified by changes in the mean and/or the variability of its properties, and that persists for an extended period, typically decades or longer. It refers to any change in climate over time, whether due to natural variability or as a result of human activity (IPCC ,2007). Science established a causal effect between the acceleration of Green

    Words: 2344 - Pages: 10
  • English Settlers of the Chesapeake Region and New England Essay

    English Settlers of the Chesapeake Region and New England Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies. As English settlements in North America began to progress, social, economical, and religious ideas divided the English immigrants. The settlers journeyed to North America to meet their individual needs and beliefs. Whether they were fleeing to become wealthy

    Words: 899 - Pages: 4
  • Good Order at Sea in the Asia-Pacific Region Essay

    pursue their maritime interests and develop their marine, resources peaceful manner in accordance with international of law. This essay will try to elucidate the concept of good order at sea, then analyse the concept’s achievement in the Asia-Pacific region. Good Order at sea Good order at sea is a imperative model in international maritime security concept. It has been transforming into a new concept of maintaining sea from mainly states hegemony to multilateral cooperation among states to preserve

    Words: 1407 - Pages: 6