Essay about Understanding Population Growth

990 Words 4 Pages
“The study of human characteristics of human populations” is known as demography which helps depict the progress of nations at many levels (Know, Marston, Imort and Nash, 2011, p. 99). Also it displays information that can relate to the current problems that the nations are facing. The advancement of populations is measured using the demographic transition theory which consists of four main phases, with unique characteristics that countries are grouped within. Studies conducted on these nations are significant as it helps us gain an understanding of the current position the country is in, and how it can develop into an industrialized nation. According to the demographic transition theory, countries are grouped within four …show more content…
Knowledge about sex, increases in wages, and urbanization are the major traits of this stage. As of 2010 China and Brazil are in this particular stage, and are rapidly growing with the hope of one day developing into a fully industrialized society. As for Canada’s placement within this model, it is unclear as to what they are grouped in as there is no general consensus regarding this matter. What is known is that they are between the third and fourth stage of this model. Lastly we have the industrialized phase that only a handful of countries are grouped within. This final stage possesses both a low birth rate and death rate which can often lead to a shrinking population. For the countries we collected data for, none of them are considered to be at this stage, however, they continue to grow, and are coming closer and closer to reaching this ideal phase of this model. From the data collected it is evident that there is a vast diversity in the setup of each individual country. Brazil and China are two countries that have really progressed in a positive way over the last 50 years, according to the data. As of 2010, both China and Brazil have substantially decreased their population growth rate, and infant mortality rate. This was a concern for China as the population grew out of control in the 1950’s. The government of China

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